LINK: nymag.com ➚ | Posted by: Laura Hazard Owen | November 26, 2019
As the 2010s come to a close, New York is publishing “long talks with people who helped shape the decade — and were shaped by it.” Among them (alongside Margaret Atwood, Kim Kardashian, and Ta-Nehisi Coates) is BuzzFeed CEO Jonah Peretti. Max Read’s full interview with him is here. Some excerpts:
In the early days of BuzzFeed, our traffic would die in the evening because people would watch television or go out with their friends. Now, with mobile, we see prime time for our content as the same as prime time for television. People are sharing content and looking at content later.
there are so many fascinating nuggets in this interview with BuzzFeed’s Jonah Peretti and his reflections on the last decade, not least this – ” When BuzzFeed started, the iPhone didn’t exist. Our peak traffic time was during the middle of the day” https://t.co/N2loZrHHfh
— Jess Brammar (@jessbrammar) November 26, 2019
(In 2010, Peretti famously called his target audience for making something viral the Bored-At-Work Network.)
On the dress post of 2015 (which got 28 million views in a single day):
I think that scared Facebook a little bit, that there could be a publisher that promotes a piece of content that then their algorithm feels like it needs to show to everyone in the world. Today, there’s a fear of viral content — you see this in China to an even greater extent. The Chinese government is very afraid of things that go viral, because it’s something that they can’t control. And I think even in the U.S. now, there’s more of a moment of trying to control the internet. Ironically, that has led to much more microtargeting, where instead of having one thing that everyone in the world sees, we have personalized content for each individual, and keep people more in their lanes and in their bubbles, and not have as much entertainment that cuts across the entire social network or the entire web. In the long run, I think that’s led to things like more separatist movements around the world, more polarization.
On BuzzFeed’s own experience with microtargeted content, like “You know you’re from Princeton, New Jersey when…”
you look at a post like “Signs You’re Raised by Asian Immigrant Parents,” we could see that half of the people reading it weren’t Asian. I think what ended up happening is that, over time, people realized you could do the same thing but have it be about a negative view of other people. Like, “This is who we are, and everyone else is threatening us.” Or, “You should be fearful of us.”
— Christina DiRusso (@CDiRusso) November 26, 2019
One small observation on that @max_read interview with Jonah on BuzzFeed and ~media~
Why did NYMag choose to hook this interview with a 2013 📸 of Jonah and Dao (with Dao as the “adult”) but not include Dao in the interview (or even mention her)? https://t.co/8xSRnMv77i
— Noah Chestnut (@noahchestnut) November 26, 2019
On how journalism has changed over the decade:
I think a lot of the biggest stories are now being driven by the online reaction. I don’t think the Me Too movement is just a heroic act of journalism; it’s that every time there’s a story, the online distribution of that story results in new victims and new sources emerging, and then it creates a new urgency for the subjects of the story who are no longer able to keep their jobs or to avoid scrutiny.
— David Mack (@davidmackau) November 26, 2019
On the pivot to video:
We knew Facebook wanted to do video; they said they wanted to do more video. And we also knew that Facebook’s users didn’t like video. We’d say, “Oh, we have all these great videos. We can put them on Facebook, too.” We put them on Facebook, and the audience hated it — and they hated it because they were using Facebook for, you know, two-minute check-ins when they had a little break in their day to see what was going on in the world and with their friends. Text is a better thing, more scannable….
The companies that have stayed away from video have done better than the companies that have kind of half-assed it and tried to do video and then realized that, “Oh, this is expensive.” The problem is that the cost was something people didn’t think about. They just thought about the CPMs and the advertising. They’re like, “Oh, I get a $10 CPM on my text content, but they’ll pay $30 for a video. That means I should pivot to video, and video will be great.” And then you get into it, and you start saying, “Oh, wait a second, how much does it cost to make the video?”
Show tagsHide tagsBy The Recovery Village Editor Matt Gonzales Reviewer Denise-Marie Griswold Updated on01/24/20
Dissociative identity disorder is a severe form of dissociation characterized by the presence of two or more distinct personality states. These different personality states arise outside of an individual’s conscious control and exert power over their behavior. Dissociative identity disorder, previously known as multiple personality disorder, often co-occurs with substance use disorders.
Dissociative identity disorder typically results from early childhood trauma. Many people with the disorder engage in substance use to numb emotional pain or disassociate from reality, which can bring about an addiction.
Treatment can help people with co-occurring disorders learn ways to better manage their substance use and mental health disorders. However, once a person with dissociative identity disorder begins treatment, continued substance use can greatly hinder progress.
- Drug Abuse as a Hindrance to Dissociative Identity Disorder Treatment
- Effects of Substance Abuse on Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms
- Statistics on Dissociative Identity Disorder and Drug Abuse
- Drug Abuse as a Cause of Dissociative Identity Disorder
- The Symptoms of an Alcoholic Personality and What It Means for Your Family
- Borderline Personality Disorder and Addiction
- What Causes Borderline Personality Disorder?
- How Do BPD and Addiction Overlap?
- How Is BPD Treated?
- Reaching Out for Help
- 10 Types Of Drunk Personality – Which One Are You?
- 7 Different Types Of Drunk Men
- Alcoholism and the Mental Effects
- Getting Treatment for Alcoholism and the Mental Effects
- Most people don’t actually have separate ‘drunk’ personalities
- Does alcohol change your personality or reveal the real you?
Drug Abuse as a Hindrance to Dissociative Identity Disorder Treatment
Many treatments for substance use disorders are considered best practice for dissociative identity disorders, too. However, a clinician may not recognize dissociative identity disorder while a person is actively using drugs.
Strange behaviors associated with dissociative identity disorder, including severe lapses in memory and dramatic shifts in personality, may be attributed to drug use. Because of this, many people with these co-occurring disorders do not receive appropriate treatment until their substance use has ceased.
Substance use may also lower or eliminate the efficacy of medications used to treat dissociative identity disorder. If medications are ineffective, the progress of the patient can be stunted.
If a person does not feel treatment is making a difference, they are less likely to continue services. Substance use also creates the risk of stopping services prematurely, as people with substance use disorders are less likely to comply and follow through with treatment recommendations. The nature of substance use disorders reduces the likelihood that a person will engage continually in treatment.
Effects of Substance Abuse on Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms
The symptoms of substance use can mimic those of dissociative identity disorder. This can lead to dissociative identity disorder not being treated. A person with co-occurring dissociative identity and substance use disorders typically exhibits greater severity of symptoms.
Dissociative Identity Disorder and Alcohol
Gaps of time missing in memories is associated with both dissociative identity disorder and alcohol misuse. When both are present, it is difficult to determine if the cause of these memory lapses are from drinking in excess or from switching personalities. Drinking excessively may increase the frequency of that a person switches between different personality states.
Dissociative Identity Disorder and Marijuana
Marijuana can increase feelings of paranoia that may be damaging to a person with dissociative identity disorder. Anecdotal evidence suggests that marijuana may increase the frequency that a person switches between different personality states and may cause more severe dissociation.
Dissociative Identity Disorder and Stimulants
Stimulants include both prescription and nonprescription drugs such as Adderall, Ritalin, cocaine, methamphetamines and ecstasy. These drugs increase the activity of the central nervous system, which may cause a person with dissociative identity disorder to switch between personalities more quickly.
Statistics on Dissociative Identity Disorder and Drug Abuse
Currently, it’s estimated that 2 percent of people in the United States live with dissociative identity disorder. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, there approximately 7.9 million people in the United States with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. It is also noted that people diagnosed with a mental health disorder are more likely than people without a psychological disorder to also be diagnosed with a substance use disorder.
Drug Abuse as a Cause of Dissociative Identity Disorder
Many people have incorrectly attributed dissociative identity disorder to substance use. Substance use does not cause dissociative identity disorder. Dissociative identity disorder develops following a traumatic event, rather than from using substances. Substance use is common in people with dissociative identity disorder but generally does not emerge prior to developing a dissociative identity disorder.
People with a substance use and mental health disorder can experience severe health problems that can cause long-term complications. However, treatment can help. The Recovery Village operates several rehab centers throughout the United States, and each facility caters to the specific needs of the individual. If you deal with addiction and a psychological disorder, contact The Recovery Village to find out how treatment can help you better manage your health problems.
Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.
The Symptoms of an Alcoholic Personality and What It Means for Your Family
It’s also important to understand how alcoholism affects the family in bigger and more systemic ways—and how the family dynamics affect the alcoholic. It isn’t the addict alone who experiences changes to their personality and lifestyle. People close to that individual tend to adapt around the fear and turbulence too. Family members may experience shame, resentment, passive aggression, overaccommodation, caretaking, and hopelessness, among other limiting feelings and behaviors.
It’s about time the whole family is set on track to rebalance healthy selves and healthy dynamics. However, when addiction is present in the family, it often shrouds other personal and interpersonal issues and conflicts that are lying on or under the surface. The holistic recovery process will begin to life layers of shadows, and the uncomfortable issues will be revealed again: relationship conflicts, financial concerns, other mental health or substance abuse issues, for example. It may not just be the one with addiction who has been keen to keep these challenges hidden and ignored.
A treatment center is a place for the honest acknowledgment and expression of feelings in appropriate ways and settings. The addict’s long-term recovery depends on an increasingly healthy environment. Treatment is also a time for some much-needed space. The addicted family member can benefit from a fresh view of things from within the treatment environment and a break from some of the common triggers and perhaps shame, guilt, and other pressures of the family dynamics. But, meanwhile, comprehensive treatment involves structured family programming to begin to heal family dynamics and to build an enduring support system for the addict in recovery and everyone else too. The light along this path shines on mutual support as everyone gains clarity and hope in harmony.
Our Treatment Programs →
Alta Mira offers comprehensive treatment for people struggling with drug and alcohol addiction as well as co-occurring mental health disorders and process addictions. Contact us to learn more about our renowned Bay Area programs and how we can help you or your loved one start the journey toward lasting recovery.
Borderline Personality Disorder and Addiction
Table of Contents:
- The Overlap
- How Is it Treated?
- Reach Out for Help
Borderline personality disorder, or BPD, is a debilitating condition that is often misrepresented in popular culture and misunderstood by the general public. BPD distorts the individual’s self-perception and interferes with their ability to maintain stable relationships. Those who suffer from BPD are seen as highly manipulative, dependent and dramatic, but mental health professionals understand that this behavior arises as a dysfunctional way to cope with overwhelming fear and emotional pain.
The pain, emotional instability and impulsive behavior of borderline personality disorder place these individuals at risk of drug or alcohol abuse.
The relationship between BPD and addiction is a volatile one. The use of drugs and alcohol aggravate some of the more dangerous symptoms of BPD, most notably, rage and depression. Those who have BPD are more likely to engage in drug or alcohol consumption as an attempt to numb the pain of their fear of abandonment.
In order to overcome a profound sense of emotional emptiness, they frequently engage in self-injuring behaviors, like cutting. They are also prone to suicide attempts, especially when substance abuse is involved. If you or someone you care about has been diagnosed with BPD and addiction, getting professional help may literally be a life-saving intervention.
What Causes Borderline Personality Disorder?
Although the origins of BPD remain unknown, there are several theories about how this complicated personality disorder begins, notes the Mayo Clinic:
- A dysfunctional family environment. Children who grow up in families where they feel emotionally neglected or abandoned are more likely to develop BPD as adults. The trauma of physical or sexual abuse may also contribute to borderline personality disorder.
- Hereditary factors. BPD and other personality disorders are often seen in close family members, such as parents and their children or siblings. This indicates that certain individuals may have a genetic predisposition to BPD.
- Neurological factors. The impulsivity, emotional instability and unpredictable behavior of BPD may be caused by abnormalities in the areas of the brain that control mood, behavior and emotions.
- Brain chemistry. BPD may be linked to imbalances in certain neurotransmitters, naturally produced chemicals like serotonin that affect the way you feel and behave. People with BPD may not process these chemicals normally.
Many of the environmental and neurological factors that contribute to BPD also play a part in substance abuse. Many individuals who struggle with drug or alcohol addiction come from households where heavy drinking or drug use was the norm. A history of childhood sexual abuse or trauma increases the risk of substance abuse later in life, as the individual looks for ways to bury feelings of pain and anger. And according to Neuropharmacology, neurological imaging studies indicate that addiction is related to brain structure and function.
How Do BPD and Addiction Overlap?
When it comes to treating BPD and addiction concurrently, the similarities between addiction and borderline personality disorder make a proper diagnosis difficult. Treatment is particularly challenging in the case of BPD where the individual’s anti-social and manipulative tendencies make the difficult to work with. Further confusing matters is the fact that several signs of drug and alcohol addiction are very similar to symptoms of BPD:
- Both are characterized by impulsive, self-destructive behaviors.
- Both may be characterized by mood swings ranging from severe depression to manic periods of intense energy.
- Both may be characterized by manipulative, deceitful actions.
- Both may be characterized by a lack of concern for one’s own health and safety and an insistence on pursuing dangerous behavior in spite of the risks.
- Both are often characterized by a pattern of instability in relationships, jobs and finances.
In order to treat a client who is struggling with this devastating personality disorder, addiction professionals must know how to identify the signs and symptoms of BPD:
- Frantic efforts to avoid abandonment – both real and imagined
- Unstable sense of self
- Inability to maintain interpersonal relationships
- Suicidal behavior
- Instability of mood
- Chronic feelings of emptiness and depression
- Difficulty controlling anger
Suicidal behavior, moodiness, depression and paranoia are all symptoms commonly associated with drug and alcohol addiction. This is what makes treating a Dual Diagnosis such as this difficult at a traditional rehab facility. Unless the facility offers individualized treatment plans for Dual Diagnosis patients, they will not have the resources to handle BPD as a co-occurring disorder.
How Is BPD Treated?
Treating borderline personality disorder is notoriously challenging. Clients with BPD may make unrealistic demands of their therapists and require constant contact with their treatment team. They may come across as needy and dependent because of their tendency to search for caretakers who can fulfill their emotional needs.
To make treatment more difficult, individuals with BPD can turn against their providers, becoming hostile and paranoid without any apparent reason. Understanding the emotional landscape of borderline personality disorder is a must for professionals who treat this serious psychiatric illness.
One of the most successful approaches to treating both BPD and substance abuse disorders is Dialectical Behavior Therapy, or DBT. Based on the principle that change can be balanced with self-acceptance, DBT helps individuals with severe psychiatric disorders build meaningful, stable lives.
DBT has been used effectively to help self-destructive, emotionally unstable patients learn how to regulate their emotions and motivate themselves to change, even under the most difficult of circumstances. According to Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, treatment goals of Dual Diagnosis therapy for DBT include:
- Helping the client find the motivation to make significant changes in her life
- Teaching the client to manage moods and handle triggers through practical skills like mindfulness training
- Eliminating the environmental cues and social connections that promote substance abuse
- Reducing the craving to drink or abuse drugs
- Identifying and pursuing meaningful, self-affirming activities that provide a sense of connection to others
- Helping the client achieve set and achieve manageable recovery goals, like staying sober for 24 hours at a time
In addition to individual psychotherapy for BPD, clients who receive integrated treatment attend classes and counseling sessions in relapse prevention. Relapse prevention training is vitally important in Dual Diagnosis rehabilitation, where relapse rates are high. Relapse prevention often involves peer group support sessions, where clients who have been diagnosed with BPD and addiction can share coping strategies and discuss the challenges of living with this co-occurring disorder.
With a condition like BPD that impairs your social and emotional life, it’s not always enough to rely on psychotherapy and counseling for support.
Psychiatric medication and anti-addiction drugs can also be powerful tools in a comprehensive treatment plan. Many BPD patients benefit from medications that restore balanced levels of neurotransmitters, like antidepressants in the SSRI (selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor) class. Anti-addiction medications like methadone, naltrexone and buprenorphine can curb intense cravings for alcohol or opiate drugs.
Reaching Out for Help
If you or someone in your life has borderline personality disorder and is also caught in the grips of drug or alcohol addiction, contact us today at 615-490-9376. We have the expert professionals on staff to help sort through both conditions, and provide integrated care to the individual. This is top-notch care for those who need it most; Dual Diagnosis treatment is what we do best.
They dance, they break stuff and they even cry. No, we aren’t adding to our list of the 16 types of drunk girls; we’re talking the 16 types of drunk guys. Every drunk girl needs a male partner in crime who’s just as drunk as she is.
1. The “Talk Sh*t, Get Hit” Guy
He is the guy who will fight about anything… literally anything. He’ll even get pissed about whose mom makes the best lasagna. Apparently whiskey makes him extremely protective of his mother’s cooking skills. He chants stuff like, “What, son? You wanna go? You talkin’ sh*t? You wanna get hit?” and he even pecks his head at you like a rooster for effect.
2. The Hulk Hogan
This kid is always cracking coffee tables in half and punching holes in walls. No one ever wants to invite him to parties, because after his seventh beer, he starts crushing the cans on his head and ripping posters and shelves off the wall. But his destructive habits don’t stop at furniture and walls. Generally speaking, this is also (usually) the guy who rips his shirt off to prove his point. Note to all the Hulk Hogans out there: ripping a cotton-and-polyester-blend T-shirt in half does not make you look strong. Or intimidating.
3. Mr. Get Drunk or Die Trying
Everything sounds like a good idea to this kid. He’s the one who has to tailgate in a wheelchair because he thought it was a brilliant idea to do skateboard tricks off the roof after he finished an entire handle of Captain Morgan. Before that night, he had never picked up a skateboard or jumped off a roof in his life, so it was only logical to do both at the same time. Talk about killing two birds with one stone.
4. The McLovin’
You almost want to cry watching this poor kid trying to be a “bro” with all the guys at the bar. He drinks a few beers and gets extra friendly, throwing up weird gang signs and making secret handshakes and nicknames with everyone around him. It’s like he doesn’t know any better, so you just have to feel bad for him and let him do his thing.
5. The Jersey Shore Cast Member
These ones can be spotted from a mile away – just look for bedazzled Affliction shirts and stud earrings from Claire’s. They wear crazy AXE scented hair gel and drink fruity liquor and cocktails with names like “Pink Stripper” and “Naughty Hawaiian.” Well, after six Pink Strippers, these guys become concerning. They start dancing like they’re in an intense game of Dance Dance Revolution, stomping their feet and pumping their fists.
6. The Sweetheart
This is the drunk guy every girl wants to marry. Once he has a few drinks, his cheeks get flushed and he gets all giggly, like he’s at a second-grade sleepover. He may not have the best game, but even when he’s trying to take you home, he’s adorable and polite. How can you hate this guy?
7. The Heartbreak Kid
To this guy, the only logical place to talk about getting his heart broken is in public after five tequila shots. You always know it’s coming because his lip quivers, his nostrils flare and he starts to get that Kim-Kardashian-crying face. Oh, Jesus. Please, not here. Not now.
8. The Turtle
This is the super-friendly guy in your apartment building who helps you with your stats homework and comes over to pull forks out of your garbage disposal. He seems so shy and reserved, but when you invite him out to the bars, he comes right out of his little shell. You quickly learn that he likes to drink his vodka with Red Bull and he turns into a rabid, hyper toddler jumping around the bar afterwards. He does crazy dance moves, sweats and talks really fast. You eventually come to endearingly name his dance moves, “Somebody Go See if He’s Okay.”
9. The One Who’s Fluent in Gibberish
This kid needs his own version of Rosetta Stone. After one too many, he finds no need for subject-verb agreement or words with vowels. This guy is extra entertaining when he tries to hit on girls. It’s like a really bad game of word charades, trying to guess what’s coming out of his mouth. Did he just say “Hermès”… or “herpes”? At this point, this conversation could go one way or the other…
10. The Womanizer
A little liquid courage has this guy thinking he’s got the game of Ryan Gosling. What he thinks is coming out as sexy and seductive really just sounds like a line from a really bad porn movie. He doesn’t waste any time being flirty because he’s willing to take anything with a pulse back to his place. What’s even worse is that he’s also the guy who keeps a tally of the girls he sleeps with after drunken bar crawls folded up in his wallet, ready to be marked again each week. He’ll get extra excited when his list hits number 69, because the coincidence is just too good.
11. The One Who Can’t be Fazed
To this kid, the only thing that signifies a bad night of drinking is death. And until that happens, every night is a good night for him. He could total his car, break his back, punch his best friend and end up in jail and it would still be one hell of a night to him. He is a pro at finding the silver lining in every bad drinking situation, and you’re always guaranteed to be entertained when he’s around.
12. The Buy-Another-Round-er
When this guy gets drunk, he turns into Gatsby. He buys the entire bar shots of Patron on his mom’s credit card and makes elaborate toasts to people’s bad test grades and dead cats. What’s sad is that everyone knows this kid is going to regret his open bar tab, but no one stops him because they aren’t going to turn down free booze. Hey, he’s the one offering! We’re not the ones who are going to have our parents taking out a second mortgage to pay off the tab, so keep ’em comin!
13. The Creepy Dude
His eyes are drunkenly glazed over and he begins to talk in a slow, deep, Ron Burgundy voice. He sways his head and raises his eyebrows when he talks, but it’s not really working for him. You can’t really tell if he is winking at you or if he has the spins and is closing one eye to keep himself standing. Either way, he looks like a total creep.
14. The Broaster
Or, “the bro-boaster,” who has no shame in bragging about himself. He’s convinced that he is the biggest and baddest bro at the party because he can drink enough vodka to tranquilize a horse. Last time we checked, that’s not a special skill you can put on a resume. So congratulations on the destroyed liver, bro!
15. The “I Love You” Man
This is the best guy to run into at the bar when you’re having a bad day. He loves life more and more after each drink he has, and he’s going to let everyone know. He doesn’t even know you, but he loves you anyway. He doesn’t care if you failed your exam, got fired from your job or cheated on your boyfriend; he’s drunk and he loves you. And you. And you. And everyone else in the bar.
16. The Booty Caller
This guy maintains a steady state of drunkeness throughout the night and just hangs with the guys. He doesn’t worry about laying out his game on any girls because he already has a full lineup in his iPhone contacts for the 2 a.m. booty call show. If Amy doesn’t answer, he moves down the B’s and calls Becca. But if she doesn’t answer, he doesn’t worry. He still has 24 letters left in the alphabet!
10 Types Of Drunk Personality – Which One Are You?
1. The Happy Drunk
The happy drunk can be identified by his ridiculously good mood. They’ll laugh at everything, dance whenever they get the chance, speak in hyperbolic superlatives and generally act like they are having the greatest night of their life.
2. The Sloppy Drunk
The sloppy drunk will slur every other word as they degenerate into a disgusting combination of sweat, spilled alcohol and vomit. They’ll fall all over the place like he contracted a sudden case of vertigo, and you’ll end up having to carry them around all night like they were wounded in ‘Nam.
3. The Sentimental Drunk
The sentimental drunk will spend all night telling everyone how much they love them, reminiscing about old times both real and imagined, and crying because you don’t hang out enough anymore like in the old days.
4. The Infantile Drunk
The infantile drunk pulls a Benjamin Button as the night wears on, and with each drink they get progressively more child-like until finally they are talking in a baby voice. A phenomenon weirdly often found in big, fat grizzly bear types.
5. The Violent Drunk
The violent drunk spends all night positive that people are talking shit about them, and at some point they will get in a fight over something dumb, like some dude looking at them funny or another dude taking too many peanuts.
6. The Touchy-Feely Drunk
The touchy-feely drunk acts more like someone who just did a bunch of pills, and they’ll be a little, uh, handsy with everyone.
7. The Naked Drunk
The naked drunk will use a single drop of alcohol as an excuse to get in touch with their inner exhibitionist. They may spend some of the night shirtless, and at some stage remove all clothing.
8. The Broken Drunk
The broken drunk just sits by them self, drowning their feelings in a tidal wave of sweet, soul-deadening alcohol. They drink because the sober alternative is just too terrifying to face. They won’t say anything to anyone until they finally piss themselves and then break down crying because they’re sorry for everything.
9. The Manic Drunk
The manic drunk somehow manages to be every other kind of drunk all in one night.
10. The Professional Drunk
The professional drunk is different because they have no symptoms. That’s the point. They have made maintaining an art form. In other words, they’re alcoholics.
7 Different Types Of Drunk Men
1. The Rowdy Fucker
Alcohol affects everybody differently, but for this dude, the booze running through his veins turns him into a Tasmanian devil on meth. These bastards rip off (not casually pull off like normal human beings) their whiskey-marinated Hawaiian shirt, smash any inanimate object, and shout unnecessary songs or chants every twelve minutes. When he drinks enough, this varmint generates prodigious scenarios that display qualities every frat guy admires: superhuman strength, excessive adrenaline, ear-splitting vocal chords, and outstanding speed. If you come across one of these fuckers, proceed with caution because this man is one hella unstoppable force of destruction.
2. The Lover
These are the men that spot (in their mindset) the lady who has perfectly shiny, curled hair with a Hollywood sparkle in her eyes and speaks with the voice of an angel. He can’t take his eyes off of this goddess. In the moment he believes it’s fate. He was meant to be in that bar at the same time as her. His hand is intertwined in hers, and there’s no way he’s letting go of her. When he takes her back to his place, he’s not even mad if they don’t make love. Just being there and spending that magical night with such a beautiful gal is enough to make his heart soar. Breakfast will be awaiting when she wakes up and he will take her home. There’s no doubt that this temporary gentleman will text her for the next week or two, just until he falls in love again when he returns to his favorite bar.
3. The Fighter
We all know a fighter. This man is a bro’s bro. He has crushed one too many Bud Lights. And if he sees someone so much as disagree with one of his brothers, he’s throwing punches. This guy doesn’t go out looking for a girl to get on her knees in a bathroom stall. Instead, he’s out to show off his man card. And what better way to do that than drinking more beers than everyone else there and starting a brawl? This man is one of the most loyal friends a person can have. He will speak his mind and give no fucks what people think because if someone has a problem with it, he’ll beat them back to the Stone Age.
4. The Father
All hail The Father. He is often otherwise known as The DD. Once the sound of a Keystone cracking open echoes through the frat house, his responsible fatherly instincts instantly flip on. He exited his mother’s womb destined to take care of his brothers. People assume he’s a rookie when he chooses not to get belligerently drunk, but in reality, this man is a fucking boss who can outdrink any of the shitheads who question his powers. Chicks are drawn to this fellow due to the charm he possesses because he isn’t trashed and can actually hold a five-minute conversation. He doesn’t even have to try hard to get ass because girls love his manly persona. Instead of him being the one searching for a one-night stand, morally-loosened females are the ones who try to trick him into bed. There’s always a 50/50 chance he will give into these chicks and accept their offer to poke his dick in between her thighs. The main challenge for these women is that The Father has higher standards than most of his friends. These standards are exactly why he comes off as playing hard-to-get, and women obviously can’t resist that shit. This man is a total DILF, but his children are just his friends rather than sexually engineered infants.
5. The Fuckboy
Unfortunately, The Fuckboy has risen to the top to become one of the most common inebriated male creatures. Around 8 a.m. you can spy one of his slam pieces dashing out of his room modeling a pair of his basketball shorts and a large date party shirt with heels in her hands. The following is a chronology of events when The Fuckboy decides to take too many swigs of the hard stuff. He begins the day or night by popping open a Coors Light as he puts on his Brooks Brothers shirt and Sperry’s. As he continues to pregame, he brags to his crew about how many bitches he has lined up in his phone to meet up with when his cock is ready to penetrate a tight, wet locale. Once he arrives at his destination, he grabs a cold one and immediately begins to scout for a hot floozy who, according to his slut radar, has potential to be dumb enough to get tricked into falling for him emotionally. He flirts shamelessly with multiple females (sometimes in front of victims he already hit on) in every vicinity getting phone numbers one by one. This man will be tongue deep with a few chicks throughout the night. He uses obnoxious and straightforward lines such as, “Hey baby. I won’t give you breakfast in bed, but I’ll give you the sex you fantasize about when you masturbate.” By the time he reaches his house he has at least 5 new contacts in his phone. Our beloved fuckboy then proceeds to rank each babe in his phone, new and old, and call the lucky first choice on said list. If a girl blows him off, even if she is his first choice, he makes rude comebacks like, “Fine. You weren’t my first choice anyways.” Usually at least one girl will end up flinging her thong across the room and continue bouncing around on his mattress with him either because she is horny and desperate for a penis, or because she truly believes this smooth-talking asshole really does like her. Unfortunately for us ladies, it’s usually the second scenario. The next day he helps his sexual prey navigate her way to the door saying he will text her later. But you know the drill; this woman doesn’t receive a text from him until a few days later at 2 a.m.
6. The Independent
Nobody is quite sure how this man makes it through the night, mainly because he strays away when something shiny catches his eye. He is always friendzied to have his lips come into contact with alcohol. As soon as the driver steps on the pedal to pull out of the frat house driveway, he already has a solid buzz. Pretty soon after the group makes an appearance at the first bar, he silently walks in the opposite direction from everyone else. He’s in his own little world and also the dude people have to keep an eye on the most. There’s no telling what kind of shenanigans he will get into or what weirdos he will befriend. His friends crush his spirit when they say it’s time to leave the bar. All he wants to do is to count how much alcoholic drinks he can possibly consume throughout the night before he has to puke up his guts behind a dumpster in a sketchy alleyway. When you do manage to pinpoint him, he’s either in a dance battle, making friends with ladies and bartenders, singing along with the music, or even just standing alone with a cold beer in his hand and dumbfounded face. Once he arrives at someone else’s house, he’s raiding their refrigerator on a scavenger hunt for the perfect drunk food, which isn’t hard for him considering he settles for almost anything edible. He always just happens to be one of the genuinely nicest guys of the group. Everyone respects him for his independence and major “I don’t give a fuck” mentality.
7. The Party Boy
If you go out with The Party Boy you have to mentally and physically prepare yourself. His goal when he heads out is to roll up some grams in addition to getting sloshed. He is the celebrity of the crew. You secretly look up to this party animal for his ability to drown his body with booze and still keep raging the entire day and night. If you strive to keep up with him, you are basically begging to be taken to the hospital for an IV. He is the host of every single pregame, regardless of what the pregame is intended for. The Party Boy doesn’t give a shit if he has to throw a girly drink down his throat, just as long as he has a drink or two in his hand he won’t complain. There’s no doubt he’s the one at the party ruining girls’ outfits they spent 30 minutes trying to put together because he was spilling his drink as he grinded on them. If he does (surprisingly) manage to refrain from pouring his drink on a chick, he will make a pathetic attempt to slobber all over her face. The Party Boy always insists he should be the DJ. Whether or not he is the assigned DJ, he will find a way to force the songs his ears wish to hear through bumping speakers. He wants to make sure every single human being in the same surrounding as him is going balls to the wall, or at least pretending to be when he parades past them. He is designed to be the one who raises his shot glass to yell a cheers to damn near anything that pops into his mind throughout the night..
Kellie, spelled with an “ie,” practically resides at Starbucks even though they have yet to spell her name correctly. She’s obsessed with the color pink, Elle Woods, and Bitmoji’s. Her biggest accomplishment is breaking the record within her sorority for how many standards hearings she has had without getting kicked out. She spends her free time trying to stay tan (i.e. sunburnt) and stalking people on social media.
Alcoholism causes a variety of physical consequences that are well known and easy to recognize, but it also causes a variety of psychological consequences that people rarely discuss. When people talk about the “effects of alcoholism” they often only talk about the physical effects; people rarely talk about alcoholism and the mental effects. Because of this, many alcoholics will continue to self-medicate their mental symptoms without realizing that their drinking is causing these problems in the first place.
Alcoholism and the Mental Effects
The mental effects of alcoholism vary from person to person, depending on how much you drink and how long you’ve been drinking. People who rarely drink will experience feelings of relaxation and an energizing release of inhibitions. People who drink a moderate amount on a regular basis will begin to experience feelings of nervousness, melancholy, restlessness, irritation and some relationship troubles. People who drink heavily and often will begin to experience insomnia, paranoia and hallucinations.
Other common mental effects of alcoholism are:
* Depression. The old saying that you can “drown your sorrows” by drinking alcohol comes from the fact that many people drink to make their feelings go away. Drinking may provide a temporary escape, but the truth is that prolonged drinking can actually bring on feelings of depression while you’re drinking and even when you’re sober.
* Dysthymia. Alcoholism can lead to dysthymia, a disorder less severe than major depression but one that causes many of the same symptoms: fatigue, low self-esteem, difficulty concentrating, unusual eating or sleeping habits, and a persistently depressed mood.
* Anxiety. Alcohol is a depressant that decreases activity within your brain’s nervous system. When combined with the physical stresses that alcohol abuse causes, feelings of anxiety can be aggravated. These feelings can include restlessness, nightmares, general discontent and general feelings of anxiety.
* Personality changes. Alcohol abuse can cause big changes in your personality. Normal personality traits can disappear during intoxication and be replaced with selfish, angry and egotistical behavior. Aggression and mood swings are very common as well as a general deterioration of morals. Alcohol slows your brain’s synapses and chemically alters your body by affecting serotonin levels, the chemical responsible for transmitting signals of mood to your brain. These physical changes cause your emotions to get out of control and cause your do say and do things you normally wouldn’t do.
* Compulsive behavior. Alcoholics are addicts with the same impulses and urges as drug addicts. Someone who is dependent on alcohol will become obsessed with drinking and is no different than a drug addict seeking his next hit. Your obsession with alcohol can lead you make decisions that negatively impact your life and cause you to lose interest in activities and people you normally enjoy when you were sober.
* Denial. Denial is a common characteristic of alcoholism. Alcoholics will deny they have a problem in order to keep drinking, or may not even realize how serious their drinking really is. Denial is a dangerous place to be mentally because it can keep you from getting the help you so desperately need.
* Co-occurring disorders. Co-occurring mental and mood disorders often exist in alcoholics. They can be caused by the mental effects of heavy drinking or can be the reason heavy drinking occurs in the first place. Oftentimes a person with a co-occurring disorder such as depression or anxiety will become addicted to alcohol after trying to self-medicate their symptoms.
Getting Treatment for Alcoholism and the Mental Effects
The mental effects of alcohol can lead many alcoholics to continue drinking in order to self-medicate their symptoms. Getting treatment for alcoholism and the mental effects should involve a rehab facility that offers dual-diagnosis therapy for co-occurring disorders. Talking to a medical doctor about your symptoms can help you determine what type of treatment you’ll need.
Most people don’t actually have separate ‘drunk’ personalities
Some of the most amusing and awful behaviors that people exhibit after downing a few cocktails are often explained the same way — as a result of alcohol.
It’s enough to make people think that some sort of other self lurks inside of them, a comedian or demon, waiting to be set free with a few nips of booze.
But how accurate is that explanation?
It seems the answer may be: not very. More and more research indicates that for many of us, alcohol doesn’t transform personality overall, though it does tend to make people more extroverted. It may cause us to exaggerate certain personality traits, but our basic selves remain unchanged, for better or worse (though there some exceptions and true “Mr. Hydes” out there).
For the most recent investigation into whether or not alcohol transforms personality, researchers at the University of Missouri recruited 156 volunteers to see how much their personalities changed after a few drinks. They had people assess their own personality before and after drinking using measures of the Five Factor or “Big Five” model, which measures extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience and is one of the most common ways psychologists measure personality. They also had groups of expert observers assess the personality changes they saw in study participants after drinking.
Most people thought their personalities changed a fair amount, but the expert observers for the most part didn’t agree.
“We were surprised to find such a discrepancy between drinkers’ perceptions of their own alcohol-induced personalities and how observers perceived them,” says psychological scientist Rachel Winograd of the University of Missouri, St. Louis, in a press release. “Participants reported experiencing differences in all factors of the Five Factor Model of personality, but extraversion was the only factor robustly perceived to be different across participants in alcohol and sober conditions.”
In that study, researchers had previously given the volunteers a survey asking them to assess their own personalities when drunk and sober. Then they had those volunteers solve puzzles and do activities with small groups with friends in the lab, after they were given either sprite or enough of a vodka-sprite cocktail to raise their blood alcohol content to slightly above the legal driving limit. After drinking, people generally reported lower levels of conscientiousness, openness to experience, and agreeableness, and they reported higher levels of extraversion and emotional stability (the opposite of neuroticism). But trained observers watching them generally only saw significant differences in levels of extraversion.
This is just one study that took place in a lab, not a real-world setting, so it’s not a final picture of how alcohol affects personality. But these researchers have been at it for a while.
A prior study by three of the same researchers took a different tack towards analyzing the drunk psyche. In that case, the researchers analyzed the personalities of 187 pairs of undergrad drinking partners. In each case, a participant would assess their own personality using the Five Factor Model — and their drinking buddies gave their own assessments.
The researchers analyzed this data and found that people generally fell into one of four fantastically named categories: the Hemingway, the Nutty Professor, Mary Poppins, and Mr. Hyde.
Hemingways, the biggest proportion of people at about 40%, report not changing much after drinking – especially showing less of a decrease in intellect and conscientiousness when intoxicated than might be expected. The Mary Poppins cluster of people, about 14% of the sample, started with exceptionally high levels of agreeableness and kept those above-average levels when drunk (they also didn’t change much in terms of conscientiousness or intellect).
About 20% of people fell into the”Nutty Professor”category, a group that became much more extroverted after drinking (they didn’t start that way). And finally about 22% of people fell into the Mr. Hyde category, their transformation being marked by large decreases in conscientiousness, intellect, and agreeableness.
None of these studies are perfect. They rely in large part on self reports and there’s a heavy focus on undergraduates, who represent a limited slice of the US population. The level of alcohol consumed in the most recent study was enough to be too drunk to drive but probably doesn’t capture the full extent of a personality changes after a night of heavy drinking.
Still, all in all we do see that at least in these cases, most people change less than they think they do.
Winograd offers an explanation for how both the external observers and the participants in the most recent study could both be right, even if they came to different conclusions about how much personality changed.
“We believe both the participants and raters were both accurate and inaccurate — the raters reliably reported what was visible to them and the participants experienced internal changes that were real to them but imperceptible to observers,” she explains.
That may explain some of the differences. Alcohol causes changes, but we’re more aware of ourselves than others are, meaning that those changes may not be immediately apparent to observers.
Does alcohol change your personality or reveal the real you?
VicesMarch 16, 2017 By Lindsey Kline
Let’s introduce your two distinct identities. There’s wholesome Sober You, who can hold down a good job, maintain a committed relationship, and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Then there’s debaucherous Drunk You, who wants the world to witness your filthiest dance moves, thinks seven cheeseburgers is a reasonable dinner, and sees the most trivial offense as an excuse to start a fistfight.
Many believe that Drunk You is the real you, your true character uncovered by alcohol crushing your inhibitions. Or is it instead true that booze mutates your mind, generating a total transformation of your personality?
Dr. Rachel Winograd, an assistant research professor at the Missouri Institute of Mental Health, admits that this is a surprisingly complex question. “There’s a real debate about what a personality is,” Winograd says. “Does everyone have a core personality? Or is our personality totally dependent on the context we’re in? We show very different versions of ourselves in different situations.”
For example, the version of you goofing off with your buddies is very distinct from the version of you eating brunch with your grandma. Winograd believes it’s possible that Drunk You is just another variant of your versatile personality.
Thankfully, it seems no one notices that transformation from level-headed Sober You to deranged Drunk You more than you do. Winograd’s research indicates that you’ll see a substantial difference between Drunk You and Sober You, but anyone on the outside will only notice a little more extraversion.
Essentially, you no longer need to wake up from your drunken stupor in a blind panic, concerned about how insane you acted the night before. To the casual observer, nothing much changed except that you became louder, more outgoing, or maybe just a bit more obnoxious than before.
But because alcohol does alter your brain chemistry, booze is capable of turning Drunk You into a trouble-maker. “If you’re asking if alcohol changes your personality,” says Winograd, “Then we have research to suggest that, yeah, it does.”
Alcohol toys with the chemical connections in our minds, especially in a little part called the prefrontal cortex. As Winograd explains, “That’s the part that deals with complex decision-making and the part most responsible for keeping you out of trouble.” In other words, fucking with that chunk of your brain can often lead to lapses in judgement, poor life choices, and generally making a complete ass out of yourself.
Reduced inhibitions may also induce you to spill your guts, saying things you’d never utter while sober. But does that mean Drunk You is more honest than Sober You?
“For some people it’s true — for others it isn’t,” explains Winograd. “It really depends on what their motives are.” She means that it is possible for someone to have something bottled up, and finally confess it after a few drinks. But this isn’t always the case. Instead, “Sometimes, we get carried away and misspeak. Alcohol can cause that to happen, so we shouldn’t always hold people to what they said when they’re drunk.”
But if you’re not happy with the seemingly new character you become after a few cocktails, there are ways to limit the damage Drunk You can do. If you’re extremely reckless and irresponsible when intoxicated, then while you’re sober, have someone hide your car keys and credit card, and only grab enough cash to cover your Uber and a few beers. You can prevent a lot of ugly drunken consequences by making better behavioral choices when you’re sober.
We know this can sound easier said than done when Drunk You seems like a supervillian hell-bent on Sober You’s destruction. But that’s why suggesting that Drunk You is the true you is doing you a huge disservice.
Drunk You isn’t the true you because you’re a complex range of personalities that emerge in different contexts and situations. And although one of those many contexts may be chugging margaritas and making mistakes, that facet of your personality cannot define you.
Because the vast majority of your life is spent as Sober You: the you that can meet work deadlines, pay your utility bills, and show your grandma a lovely time at brunch. It’s the you that does all the hard work, and deserves to let Drunk You come out to play every once in a while.
So give yourself some credit. And cheers! To Sober You.
People typically report substantive changes to their personality when they become intoxicated, but observations from outsiders suggest less drastic differences between “sober” and “drunk” personalities, according to research published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
“We were surprised to find such a discrepancy between drinkers’ perceptions of their own alcohol-induced personalities and how observers perceived them,” says psychological scientist Rachel Winograd of the University of Missouri, St. Louis—Missouri Institute of Mental Health. “Participants reported experiencing differences in all factors of the Five Factor Model of personality, but extraversion was the only factor robustly perceived to be different across participants in alcohol and sober conditions.”
Winograd and colleagues speculate that this discrepancy may come down to inherent differences in point of view:
“We believe both the participants and raters were both accurate and inaccurate — the raters reliably reported what was visible to them and the participants experienced internal changes that were real to them but imperceptible to observers,” she explains.
The idea that we transform into different people when we’re under the influence is a popular one. And systematic differences in an individual’s sober behavior and their drunken behaviors can even inform clinical determinations about whether someone has a drinking problem. But the science on “drunk personality” as a concept is less clear. In Winograd’s previous studies, participants reliably reported that their personality changes when they imbibe, but experimental evidence for this kind of global change was lacking.
Winograd and colleagues decided to bring the question into the lab, where they could carefully calibrate alcohol consumption and closely monitor individual behavior. They recruited 156 participants, who completed an initial survey gauging their typical alcohol consumption and their perceptions of their own “typical sober” personality and “typical drunk” personality.
Later, the participants came to the lab in friend groups of 3 or 4, where the researchers administered a baseline breathalyzer test and measured the participants’ height and weight. Over the course of about 15 minutes, each participant consumed beverages — some drank Sprite, while others consumed individually-tailored vodka and Sprite cocktails designed to produce a blood alcohol content of about .09.
After a 15-minute absorption period, the friends worked through a series of fun group activities — including discussion questions and logic puzzles — intended to elicit a variety of personality traits and behaviors.
The participants completed personality measures at two points during the lab session. And outside observers used video recordings to complete standardized assessments of each individual’s personality traits.
As expected, participants’ ratings indicated change in all five of the major personality factors. After drinking, participants reported lower levels of conscientiousness, openness to experience, and agreeableness, and they reported higher levels of extraversion and emotional stability (the inverse of neuroticism).
The observers, on the other hand, noted fewer differences across the sober and intoxicated participants’ personality traits. In fact, observer ratings indicated reliable differences in only one personality factor: extraversion. Specifically, participants who had consumed alcohol were rated higher on three facets of extraversion: gregariousness, assertiveness, and levels of activity.
Given that extraversion is the most outwardly visible personality factor, it makes sense that both parties noted differences in this trait, the researchers argue.
They acknowledge, however, that they cannot rule out other influences — such as participants’ own expectations of their drunk personality — that may have contributed to the discrepancy in ratings.
“Of course, we also would love to see these findings replicated outside of the lab — in bars, at parties, and in homes where people actually do their drinking,” says Winograd.
“Most importantly, we need to see how this work is most relevant in the clinical realm and can be effectively included in interventions to help reduce any negative impact of alcohol on peoples’ lives,” she concludes.
Co-authors on the research include Douglas Steinley of the University of Missouri, Columbia; Sean P. Lane of the University of Missouri, Columbia and Purdue University; and Kenneth J. Sher of the University of Missouri, Columbia.
Richard Burbridge/art + commerce Within hours of its release on video, John Galliano’s anti-Semitic tirade became the rant heard round the world. And just as quickly, speculation ran wild about what role alcohol played in the incident. Many in the fashion world were stunned that the Galliano they knew–a spectacular designer, but one with a normally shy, controlled public persona–could appear as an out-of-control bigot. But addiction experts express less surprise over such a transformation.
“We all know that when you start to drink, inhibitions go,” says internist Nicholas A. Pace, a member of the medical-scientific committee of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. And as the level of alcohol increases, the effects increase. “Three or more drinks in an hour can lead you to do things you would never do otherwise and may not remember afterward.”
That’s not to say that in vino veritas–that is, that alcohol unmasks deep-seated beliefs or reveals one’s true self. “Of course, intoxication can, in some cases, cause individuals to say things they mean but didn’t mean to say,” says psychiatrist Omar Manejwala, medical director of the Hazelden addiction treatment center in Center City, Minnesota. “But you may say things you don’t mean and even things you don’t believe.” He cites cases in which he took medical histories from patients arriving at the clinic intoxicated and telling stories that, when sober, they admitted were total lies. “Phrases that individuals have heard before may also be repeated without regard to their meaning when a person is drunk.”
Too many drinks can also change the brain’s chemistry well after the last cocktail. “Alcoholism affects the prefrontal cortex of the brain–the area responsible for impulse control, decision making, and judgment,” says Manejwala. Brain-imaging studies of alcoholics have shown that the volume of that area is reduced, as is blood flow to the region. “When someone is getting sober, it can take six months or more for the brain to heal,” he says. That may explain why someone in early sobriety can have difficulty making clear decisions. “The alcoholic may think, ‘This is a bad idea for others, but I am different. I can handle it.'”
Alcohol also has a reinforcing effect. “After repeated exposure, alcohol activates the brain’s stress axis, causing an elevation in the level of stress-related hormones,” says neurogeneticist David Goldman, who leads the laboratory of neurogenetics at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. “That, in turn, can lead to further self-medicating with drugs or alcohol.” Add a hefty dose of anxiety–whether it’s everyday work pressures or the strain of being in the public eye–and it could stir up a perfect storm of addiction.
None of this is an excuse, however. “The courts have decided that if you make the decision to consume a disinhibiting substance, you’re responsible for the consequences,” says Goldman.
As the fashion world wonders what will become of Galliano, Manejwala warns that recovery doesn’t happen overnight. “The structural and functional changes in the brain caused by chronic exposure to alcohol persist for months and possibly even years,” he says. But recovery is possible. “It’s about taking responsibility for all of your actions.”
Sally Wadyka Sally Wadyka is a freelance writer and editor based in Boulder, CO.