In an oft-quoted passage of Bossypants, Tina Fey hilariously yet accurately details a laundry list of body aspirations our society currently imposes on women: “Caucasian blue eyes, full Spanish lips, a classic button nose … doll tits.” But while this ridiculous (not to mention impossible) list of standards might be the current “ideal,” the truth is that “ideal” has looked very different for women of different cultures throughout history. BuzzFeed posted an amazing video this week to illustrate just how much the “perfect” female body type has shape-shifted throughout the centuries, from the voluptuous curves of the Renaissance to ’90s heroin-chic:

It’s certainly eye-opening—and some of the factoids listed are kind of mind-blowing. (In ancient Greece, women were considered disfigured versions of men?!) But the real takeaway is that while many of these standards were painful to obtain (corsets, anyone?), all these women are absolutely gorgeous—and if women have aspired to such an array body types over thousands of years, shouldn’t that give us the perspective to know that our current idea of perfection is just going to fade out anyway? If only it were so simple.

Victoria Dawson Hoff Associate Editor Victoria Hoff is the associate editor at ELLE.com, covering everything from fashion to beauty to wellness.

See How Much the “Perfect” Female Body Has Changed in 100 Years (It’s Crazy!)

There’s a reason magazine covers include lines like “5 Moves for Michelle Obama Arms” or “The Secret for a Booty Like Beyoncé.” But if you’ve ever found yourself wishing for this actress’s waist or that singer’s legs, remember this: The media’s concept of the ideal woman’s body isn’t static. Whoever People magazine deems “most beautiful” this year is just a representation of what has bubbled up in the cauldron of pop culture. That silhouette of the “ideal woman” has been put through a series of fun house mirrors (fashion, movies, pop music, politics). It also changes year over year, so the physical qualities we embrace today are often at odds with those from previous generations.

To prove our point, we’re taking a closer look at body ideals over the last 100 years—which shows that, as they say on Project Runway, “In fashion, one day you’re in, and the next day you’re out.”

Meet the “it girl” of the era: the Gibson Girl. Illustrator Charles Gibson was to the early 1900s what trend-setting fashion photographers are today. His dream girl, broadcast on the pages of LIFE magazine, Collier’s, and Harper’s, quickly became the Beyoncé of her era. Women raced to copy the signature look: A showstopping feminine body like a looping figure-8, thanks to a super-cinched corset. (Don’t try this at home!) Linda M. Scott writes in Fresh Lipstick: Redressing Fashion and Feminism, “The Gibson Girl was not dainty… she was dark, regal in bearing, quite tall.”

But Gibson’s model and O.G.G. (original Gibson Girl) Camille Clifford was critical of the ideal. She sang in her vaudeville show, “Wear a blank expression/and a monumental curl/And walk with a bend in your back/Then they will call you a Gibson Girl.”

Say bye-bye to monumental curves, statuesque height, fussy updos, and all that jazz—and hello to the flapper. Unlike the frozen beauty of the decade before, the flapper is constantly in motion. The exaggerated curves of Gibson are gone and replaced with small bust and hips.

In fashion, the waistline moves several inches below the navel, making narrow hips a necessity. But don’t be fooled, the flapper doesn’t lack sex appeal; the focus has simply shifted downward to the legs, where a shorter knee-length hemline could expose the flash of a garter while doing a “shimmy.” Margaret Gorman, crowned as the first Miss America in 1921, was the era’s ideal. Her 5-foot-1, 108-pound frame was a full 180 from the Gibson era.

Following the stock market crash, spirits dip back down and so do hemlines. Dresses are now draped on the bias. Translation? A less boxy, more fitted silhouette. The natural waist (around the belly button) comes back and there’s a hint of shoulder too. And the flat-chested look so popular in the 1920s gives way to a small bustline, likely a direct result of the new bra-cup sizing invented in this era. The media embraces a slightly more curvaceous body, making this era a stepping-stone from the streamlined, petite look of the 1920s toward the curvier 1940s. Photoplay, the People magazine of its day, declares actress Dolores del Rio to have the “best figure in Hollywood.” The article applauds her “warmly curved” and “roundly turned” figure.

Atten-SHUN! There’s no farewell to arms… but there is a farewell to the softer look of the 30s. Thanks to World War II, military shoulders (broad, boxy, and aggressive) become the look du jour. Angularity is the order of the day. Bras take on a pointed look too, with names like “bullet” and “torpedo.” All that translates into the look of the moment: a long-limbed, taller, and squarer silhouette. Don’t be fooled by Rosie the Riveter, the ideal body type still doesn’t include flexing biceps. But it does become taller, and more commanding, possibly echoing women’s expanding role in the workforce while men are on the battlefield.

Welcome to the era of the hourglass. In the 1950s, the ideal body type reaches Jessica Rabbit proportions. After the angularity of the war era, a soft voluptuousness was prized above all else. Ads of the time even advised “skinny” women to take weight-gain supplements like Wate-On to fill out their curves. Playboy magazine and Barbie were both created in this decade, echoing a tiny-waisted, large-chested ideal. Fashions also showcased this body type with the rounded shapes of sweetheart necklines and circle skirts.

The swinging 60s brings the pendulum back in the other direction. Thin is in. And Jessica-Rabbit proportions are out. The look is now fresh-faced, girlish, and androgynously trim. Models like Twiggy and Jean Shrimpton (aka “The Shrimp”) represented a new ideal: doll-faced, super slender, and petite. The clothing supports this look: shrunken shift dresses remove the cinched waistline, and fashion demands of a smaller bust and slim hips. (Sound familiar? It’s the same dramatic swing we saw from Gibson girl to flapper.)

More and more women are going girdle-free and embracing a less constricting wardrobe. The trade-off? Now that slim, flat-stomached look must be achieved through diet. Right on cue: Enter Weight Watchers, founded in 1963.

Disco! Jumpsuits! Bellbottoms! This decade was a raging party. But the party girl of the day was still pressured to maintain a slim-hipped, flat-stomached body in order to rock these fashions at the discotheque. Synthetic fabrics like polyester and spandex are embraced, but they’re also far more revealing and less forgiving compared to fabrics of the past. The overall look remains lean, especially in the torso, but curves start to come back.

Like the 1930s, this decade is a step away from the petite look of the 1960s. And following the black pride and “black is beautiful” movements of the 1960s, Beverly Johnson becomes the first black woman to grace the cover of Vogue, while Darnella Thomas stars in a groundbreaking “Charlie” fragrance ad.

Amazonian supermodels reign supreme. These tall, leggy women come to represent the new feminine ideal. Women like Elle MacPherson, Naomi Campbell, and Linda Evangelista lead the stampede off the runway and into the heart of pop culture, dominating the media and music videos of this decade.

The 1980s also ushers in an era of fitness, thanks to a pioneering Jane Fonda. Aerobics and jogging take off, and for the first time, muscles are acceptable and desirable on women. It’s both empowering and discouraging—one more beauty standard to add to a lengthening list.

Honey, we shrunk the supermodel. Kate Moss ushers in the era of the waif. Naysayers also dub it “heroin chic” for the gaunt look associated with Seattle’s grunge music scene. At 5’7” Moss is undeniably petite for a model and thin, even by industry standards. It’s a firmly unathletic look and a reaction to the Amazonian, uber-fit woman of the 80s.

Slouchy jeans, oversized fraying sweaters, and even unisex fragrances (CK One, we’re calling you out) all support the petite and androgynous waif look. Hollywood also embraces the look. A-list 90s actress Winona Ryder is so petite, costar Ben Stiller exclaims, “She’s like a little figurine for the coffee table!“

Supermodel Giselle Bundchen brings sexy back, according to Vogue. She’s credited with ending the era of “heroin chic.” Gone is the pale, gaunt, glass-eyed look of the 90s. Now we enter an era of visible abs and airbrushed tans. Bundchen is crowned “The Most Beautiful Girl in the World” by Rolling Stone magazine and dominates the runway, print ads, Victoria Secret’s lingerie show, and the red carpet on Leonardo DiCaprio’s arm. Hollywood actresses follow her lead hiring a small army of personal trainers and layering on a couple coats of spray tan during awards season.

Two words: booty bonanza. That’s this decade’s contribution to the shifting landscape of women’s body image. Twenty years after Sir Mix-a-Lot sang “you can do side-bends or sit-ups, but please don’t lose that butt,” it seems the media is finally carrying the banner. (Now that The New York Times is reporting it, we can officially call it: “Bootylicious” bodies have gone mainstream.)

Nicki Minaj and J.Lo release their tributes to the almighty buttock: Anaconda and Booty, respectively. In Anaconda, Minaj holds a workout session while backup dancers wearing shorts that read “Bunz” do squats to the beat. Subtlety has left the building. But is it empowering? Or exhausting?

The Takeaway

Body ideals, like everything else in pop culture, are a trend. As Tina Fey wrote in Bossypants, “Now every girl is expected to have Caucasian blue eyes, full Spanish lips, a classic button nose, hairless Asian skin with a California tan, a Jamaican dance hall ass, long Swedish legs, small Japanese feet, the abs of a lesbian gym owner, the hips of a nine-year-old boy, the arms of Michelle Obama, and doll tits.” Rather than chase that preposterous laundry list of attributes, embrace what your momma gave you! And remember: The media’s idea of beauty is subjective and changes, but confidence is always in style.

Like many of us, fitness blogger Cassey Ho of Blogilates feels a bit insecure when she sees so-called “perfect” bodies on her social media feed.

“The excessive amount of ‘belfies’ (aka, butt selfies) I was seeing on Instagram made me feel like there was something wrong with my small butt,” Ho told TODAY Style.

The fitness star certainly isn’t alone in her feelings. Ho is sick of people judging women who don’t fit whatever the latest standard of beauty is, so she decided to track historical beauty ideals in her new “Perfect Bodies Through History” project.

YouTube star Cassey Ho shows off her Blogilates

Feb. 6, 201804:28

The social media star used Photoshop to alter her body to fit a series of historical beauty ideals — starting with 2018 and ending with the Italian Renaissance — providing commentary on the “it” look of each period next to a photo of herself.

2018

In 2018, big butts are definitely “in.”blogilates/Instagram

Ho tried on the trendy wide hips, tiny waist and butt implants of the 2010s to 2018, for starters.

Mid-1990s to 2000s

Big boobs and a flat stomach were definitely the look of the time.blogilates/Instagram

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Then she tackled the mid-1990s to 2000s when big boobs, flat stomachs and thigh gaps reigned supreme.

1990s

Extremely skinny was the name of the game in the 1990s.blogilates/Instagram

The blogger discovered that thin was definitely in during the early ’90s, and notes that angular bone structure and a skinny frame was disturbingly called “heroin chic.”

1950s

The 1950s favored a more voluptuous figure.blogilates/Instagram

The hourglass shape of the 1950s came next. And then Ho tested the boyish, androgynous look of the 1920s.

1920s

In the 1920s, a more boyish figure was the desired look of the day.blogilates/Instagram

Lastly, she explored the rounded stomach, large hips and ample bosom of the 1400s to 1700s.

1400 to 1700

A full, curvy body was the beauty ideal during the Italian Renaissance.blogilates/Instagram

Ho said she’s wanted to explore beauty ideals throughout history for quite some time.

“I find it disturbing that an aspect of a woman’s body can be deemed hideous in one era and then glorified in the next! The fact that women fall prey to these changing beauty standards and try to change their bodies to suit those ideals is something I’ve always wanted to bring attention to and discuss,” she said.

Social media users are definitely responding to Ho’s positive message, with many sharing their own stories of body positivity.

Twitter user @DebsDoesDimples wrote: “I thought ‘my body doesn’t fit any of these eras’, so does that mean it’s timeless? Beauty is timeless…. and while I still dislike the shape and size of my body, I am always trying to accept it. Thank you for making this post”

@isabelc121 also chimed in: “Love yourself! Thin, full, tall, short, dark or light! Love yourself because you’re all you’ve got!”

Lesson here? Every woman should embrace her body and be happy in her skin since standards keep changing. Be healthy, LIVE, and love.

— Xiangyun Zhang (@NinjaXiangyun) November 27, 2018

It’s not the first time Ho has taken aim at unrealistic body standards. In 2015, the blogger airbrushed herself in a moving video that quickly went viral. After repeatedly reading hurtful comments about her body on social media, the Pilates instructor enhanced her bust, took in her waist and gave herself a virtual thigh gap with the help of Photoshop, naming the clip “The ‘Perfect’ Body.”

This time around, she definitely took away a few different lessons, though.

“I learned that media, art and men’s desires are the dictators of beauty ideals. Only now has there been some change to that! I hope women can now be stronger drivers in the conversation of beauty,” Ho said.

The fitness expert said she’s always been alarmed by the way society treats women’s bodies and has a piece of advice for those struggling with body image.

“Don’t treat your body like fast fashion — in one day, out the next. It’s your flesh, meat and bones for goodness sake, not a piece of fabric! Treat your body with respect and love what you’ve got,” she said.

Cassey Ho of ‘Blogilates’ Shows Exercises To Do While Watching TV

March 2, 201806:06

A woman Photoshopped herself to have the ‘perfect’ body throughout history and the differences were staggering

  • Fitness blogger Cassey Ho recently shared images of herself that were edited to depict ideal body types throughout history, HelloGiggles reported.
  • “Stop throwing your body out like it’s fast fashion,” Ho wrote in her Instagram post.
  • Ho wants people to focus on growing themselves from the inside out rather than striving for a specific beauty ideal, she told INSIDER.

At times, it feels as if society treats women’s bodies like fashion trends: a certain body type is popular one day, and deemed “not good enough” the next. Fitness blogger and instructor Cassey Ho brought light to this trend recently by sharing edited images of herself, in which each photo depicted the ideal body type of a different time period.

Ho had the idea to create the striking visuals after her experiences as a fitness instructor made her realize how many people deal with body image issues.

“I see a lot of my real-life students struggling to love their bodies because of the way beautiful bodies are portrayed in the media,” Ho told INSIDER.

She also mentioned that she’s been a target of internet trolls who have said that she is too fat to be a fitness instructor or she needs to lose weight if she really cares about her career. “Those comments ignore my years of experience as a certified fitness trainer,” Ho said.

In her Instagram post, Ho addressed the aforementioned issues, using her own body and Photoshop to portray ideal bodies from the 1400s, 1920s, 1950s, 1990s, 2000s, and current day. Each body type varied wildly: a big butt and small waist is considered 2018’s “perfect” body, while a “perfect” body in the 1990s was characterized by extreme thinness, Ho noted in her post.

Read more: Why side-by-side photos on social media don’t resonate with me

“I did this to see how ridiculous all of these look on a single person, how weird it would be for a woman to keep changing her body to fit in,” Ho told INSIDER.

Ho shared another Instagram post a day later, this time of her real body

Following this “transformation photo,” which has garnered over 121,00 likes at the time of publishing, Ho posted another side-by-side image to drive her point home. This time, the fitness instructor showed her real, non-Photoshopped body with the caption “the perfect body = the real me.”

She told followers that she worried the Photoshop experiment would make her dislike her own body, but the opposite actually happened: “As obvious as it is to say this, I didn’t look like myself in the photos. I actually much prefer my body just as it is,” she wrote on Instagram.

While drawing attention to unfair body ideals is important, Ho told INSIDER true confidence stems from within. If you’re struggling with body image, “don’t focus on your body at all,” she told INSIDER. “Don’t focus on the vessel, focus on growing yourself on the inside. Once you find that confidence, that’s how you’ll truly love yourself and feel beautiful.”

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

Trainer Photoshopped Herself To Fit Perfect Body Standards Throughout History (6 Pics)

All of us perceive beauty differently – what may seem attractive to us might be completely misunderstood by our friends. Yet some trends come above others and even get called ‘beauty standards’. On many occasions people end up chasing the latest fads only to see them change to something new in a few years – and the cycle continues.

Fitness blogger Cassey Ho noticed this phenomenon is especially apparent in the fashion industry where the ‘ideal’ women’s body shape changes every few years. While skinny might have been ‘in’ last year, next year it may be replaced by curves. To draw more attention to this problem, she photoshopped her body to show how the ‘ideal’ body changed throughout the years.

Check out the ‘perfect’ bodies throughout history in the gallery below!

More info: Instagram | h/t

Cassey Ho, a fitness blogger and trainer, decided to show how beauty standards have changed throughout the years

Image credit: @blogilates

“If I had the “perfect” body throughout history, this is what I’d look like:”

Image credit: @blogilates

“Mid 2010s-2018 – Big butts, wide hips, tiny waists, and full lips are in! There is a huge surge in plastic surgery for butt implants thanks to Instagram models posting “belfies”. Even cosmetic surgery doctors have become IG-famous for reshaping women. Between 2012-2014, butt implants and injections rise by 58%.”

Image credit: @blogilates

“Mid 90s-2000s – Big boobs, flat stomachs, and thighs gaps are in. In 2010, breast augmentation is the highest performed cosmetic surgery in the United States. It’s the age of the Victoria’s Secret Angel. She’s tall, thin, and she’s always got long legs and a full chest.”

Image credit: @blogilates

“Early 90s – THIN IS IN. Having angular bone structure, looking emaciated, and super skinny is what’s dominating the runways and the magazine covers. There’s even a name for it: “heroin chic”.”

Image credit: @blogilates

“1950s – The hourglass shape is in. Elizabeth Taylor‘s 36-21-36 measurements are the ideal. Marilyn Monroe’s soft voluptuousness is lusted after. Women are advertised weight gaining pills to fill themselves out. Playboy magazine and Barbie are created in this decade.”

Image credit: @blogilates

“1920s – Appearing boyish, androgynous and youthful, with minimal breasts, and a straight figure is in! Unlike the “Gibson Girl” of the Victorian Era, women are choosing to hide their curves, and are doing so by binding their chests with strips of cloth to create that straight figure suitable for flapper dresses.”

Image credit: @blogilates

“1400-1700 The Italian Renaissance – Looking full with a rounded stomach, large hips, and an ample bosom is in. Being well fed is a sign of wealth and status. Only the poor are thin”

“Why do we treat our bodies like we treat fashion? “Boobs are out! Butts are in!” Well, the reality is, manufacturing our bodies is a lot more dangerous than manufacturing clothes.”

Image credit: @blogilates

“Stop throwing your body out like it’s fast fashion. Please treat your body with love & respect and do not succumb to the beauty standard. Embrace your body because it is YOUR own perfect body.”

Image credit: @blogilates

What body type are you?

  • Hourglass — An hourglass figure is characterized by balanced bust and hip measurements and a well-defined waist. You can probably wear most styles well. If you have a large bustline, though, you may want to steer clear of turtleneck and other high-neck styles and very baggy clothes that may make you look heavier than you are.
  • Pear shaped — A larger hip measurement than bust measurement, often with a less defined waist. Cheats: Wear lighter colors above the waist and darker colors below the waist (minimize with darks and maximize with lights). Stick with A-line skirt styles and jackets with a defined or belted waist.
  • Triangular — A variation on the pear shape that also includes narrow shoulders. Cheats: Follow suggestions for the pear shape above and also choose blouses with collars and shirts and jackets with slightly padded shoulders.
  • Rectangular — Balanced bust and hips with little or no waist definition. This shape can look either boxy or slender and boyish. Cheats: Create the illusion of curves by wearing fitted styles that taper or belt at the waist. If you have narrow shoulders and hips, look for waist length jackets or sweaters, and pair them with gathered skirts or flared slacks.
  • Apple, Oval or Diamond shaped — Little waist definition, a rounded stomach that’s either high or low on your frame, heavy thighs or wide hips (sometimes called saddlebags) and perhaps a pronounced bottom. Cheats: An apple shape can be hard to conceal. One strategy is to direct attention away from the stomach area to your face or another attractive feature (like your hands or legs). Jewelry, scarves and distinctive hair ornaments or hair styles sometimes work. It’s good idea to choose like colors in blouses (shirts and jackets) and slacks or skirts for an overall, monochromatic look. You should also consider investing in quality foundation garments that help lift, support and define your shape.
  • Inverted triangle — Unlike the ideal hourglass figure, an inverted triangular shape is smaller in the hips than through the bust and, usually, a nicely defined waistline. Your body can also give the impression of an inverted triangle if you have narrow hips and broad shoulders. Cheats: Opt for darker colors on top and lighter colors on the bottom. Flowing skirts and wide leg or flared slacks also help create more volume in the hip and leg area to create a balanced silhouette.

There is no “the perfect body shape” or “best body shape” or an ideal body type for women, all the women body shapes are beautiful and attractive.

Just like not everybody has the same choice, similarly not everybody has the same body shapes.

Many ladies around the world are not happy with their body shapes and feel ashamed about it, well there is nothing to worry now.

‘Body type for women’ just like them are “unique” you just need to figure out what type are you and once you figure that out we are here to suggest what should you wear and what all should you avoid.

HERE ARE THE FIVE BROAD CATEGORIES OF TYPES OF BODY SHAPES OR (simply say) BODY TYPE FOR WOMEN:

Apple shape body:

This body type for women has an advantage when it comes to clothes as the right clothes add stars to this body shape and the persons looks fabulous.

This body type comes with broad shoulders and bust whereas comparatively narrower butt. The waist is not particularly defined as women with this type of body shape tend to put on mainly in the upper body, they have slim legs and bust.

WHAT TO WEAR?
You should go for the perfect fit clothes, not too tight or too loose. Soft fabrics are the best option.
A- line dresses, dresses that are fitted till the bust and flow from below your bust line and dark coloured short dresses all are great to go.
Jeans high or low waist as you like it,
Frilled Shirts and shorts all are your type.
V-necks, t-shirts, lengthy tops.

WHAT TO AVOID?
Too tight or too loose clothes.
Rough fabrics.
Tight skirts.
Round neck.
Off shoulder or boat necked dresses or tops.

Pear/spoon/triangle shape body:

This body type has broader hips and narrower bust. With well defined legs, thighs and waist.

Women with this body shape tend to look appealing with their well off curves. Also they put on in the upper part of the body, mainly stomach and also in the thigh region.

WHAT TO WEAR?
Boat necks and wide necks.
Patterned tops but avoid straps.
Padded bras
Boot cut jeans to look balanced.
A-line skirts and short skirts.

WHAT NOT AVOID?
Round necks with short sleeves.
Too short shorts and skirts.
Dresses or skirts with pleats.

Rectangular/slender/straight shape body:

This body type has no defined waistline and the measurements of bust, butt and waist are almost similar or very close.
The body appears to be like a rectangle.

They can beautifully have a waistline by wearing the right clothes and look no more like a ruler.

WHAT TO WEAR?

Dresses and long tops with waist belts to flaunt your waistline.
Tube tops and dresses.
Bright colors and textures.

WHAT TO AVOID?
Rigid Clothes.
Too tight clothes.
Dresses or tops that showcase your waist.
Straight dresses and tops.

Inverted triangle shape body:

This body shape is aka the hot. If you have broad shoulders and bust with narrow hips and thin legs, you are this type.
The upper body of women with this body type looks highly attractive.

WHAT TO WEAR?
Ruffle neck tops and dresses.
V-necks.
Dark and low waist Jeans.
Checks and stripes.
A line skirts and dresses.
Skirts with pockets.
High waist pants.
Bell bottoms.

WHAT TO AVOID?
Baggy clothes.
Too tight skirts.
Padded shoulders.
Three-forth sleeves.

Hourglass shape body:

This is the body type all women desire and if you have this body type you must fell amazing about yourself.

Broad bust and butt line with a narrow waistline makes you look more famine.

The waist is the most amazing part about your body and you should know how to flaunt it with the right clothes.

WHAT TO WEAR?
Narrow V necks in tops and dresses.
Cool colors.
Skirts and all other bottoms of dark colors.
You have the advantage of wearing skirts of any length.

WHAT TO AVOID?
Baggy tops or bottoms.
Stiff clothes.
Boat neck dresses or tops.
Frilly dresses and skirts.

So these were the five body type for women.
Now you know your type and you know what to wear.
Wear accordingly and be confident about yourself.

Embrace your beauty and uniqueness.
Your body type is amazing say that to yourself daily and instead of changing your body shapes learn how to flaunt it the right way.

FOR MEN-

Understanding your body type and then knowing what suits you and what doesn’t will help make a lot of difference in your overall self representation. There is no body type calculator for the same, you just need to learn to know yourself.

This not only helps personality development but also boosts your confidence, as you know you look amazing in what you wear. Because that is what suits you body type.

Men body types are broadly divided into five categories and clothes for men’s body type are listed along with the categories:

RECTANGLE BODY TYPE

This body type comes with same or almost same measurements of shoulders, waist and hips.

The target for this body type should be to make their shoulder look broader.

DO’S
  • Wear clothes that have shoulder padding.
  • Go for jackets and blazers with wide lapels.
  • Shirt under a crew neck sweater will look really attractive.
  • Clothes that fit on your waist and hip, are loose on shoulders.
DON’TS
  • No double breasted jackets.
  • Avoid shapeless clothes.

TRIANGLE BODY TYPE

A body type with wider hips and waist than the shoulders and chest.

You need to draw attention on your upper body to make yourself look proportionate and for that.

  • Go for vertical stripes.
  • Clothes with Shoulder padding are great to go.
  • Bright colours are a plus.
  • Dark colours on lower half.
  • Round necks are a no.
  • Horizontal stripes across the lower half of body.

INVERTED TRIANGLE BODY TYPE

Men with broad shoulders and chest but comparatively narrow waist and butt line are to be categorised in inverted triangle body type.

And for this body type, the upper body catches the attention and makes your body look unpleasant,so the thing you need to work upon is on balancing.

DO’s
  • Wear a belt, this will help draw attention towards your lower body.
  • V-necks are good to go, they too help draw attention towards the torso, making your body look proportionate.

  • Avoid wearing slim fir jeans as this will make your lower body look even thinner.
  • Padded Shoulder clothing is a no no.

OVAL BODY TYPE

This body shape tends to have wider waist than shoulders and hips.

You need to draw attention towards broadening the shoulders and looking taller.

  • Vertical stripes on upper body.
  • Rightly Fitted Clothes.
  • Avoid boots.
  • Avoid or printed belts as it draws more attention towards the waits.
  • Don’t wear double breasted jackets.

TRAPEZOID BODY TYPE

The body shape with broad shoulders and chest ,gently tapering down towards the hips and waist.

  • Fitted clothes as they help you flaunt your body.
  • Avoid shapeless clothes.

Clothes play a vital role in making you look good and eventually feel good.
So dress according to your body shape and impress others as well as yourself.

TELL US YOUR FAVORITE CLOTHING STYLE THAT GOES WELL WITH YOUR SHAPE IN THE COMMENTS SECTION. IF YOU THINK YOU CANNOT RELATE TO ANY OF THESE DO DESCRIBE YOUR BODY WE WILL HELP YOU FIGURE OUT.

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There is really a single ideal body shape for women?

What is it that makes Venus a hottie? Is it her hip-to-waist ratio, or just her slenderness? “The Birth of Venus”, Sandro Boticelli c1486.

Many scholars of Renaissance art tell us that Botticelli’s Birth of Venus captures the tension between the celestial perfection of divine beauty and its flawed earthly manifestation. As classical ideas blossomed anew in 15th-century Florence, Botticelli could not have missed the popular Neoplatonic notion that contemplating earthly beauty teaches us about the divine.

Evolutionary biologists aren’t all that Neoplatonic. Like most scientists, we’ve long stopped contemplating the celestial, having – to appropriate Laplace’s immortal words to Napoleon – “no need of that hypothesis”. It is the messy imperfection of the real world that interests us on its own terms.

My own speciality concerns the messy conflicts that inhere to love, sex and beauty. Attempts to cultivate a simple understanding of beauty – one that can fill a 200-word magazine ad promoting age-reversing snake oil, for example – tend to consistently come up short.

Waist to hip

Nowhere does the barren distinction between biology and culture grow more physically obvious than in the discussion of women’s body shapes and attractiveness. The biological study of body shape has, for two decades, been preoccupied with the ratio of waist to hip circumference.

With clever experimental manipulations of line drawings, Devendra Singh famously demonstrated that images of women with waists 70% as big as their hips tend to be most attractive. This 0.7:1 waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), it turns out, also reflects a distribution of abdominal fat associated with good health and fertility.

Singh also showed that Miss America pageant winners and Playboy playmates tended to have a WHR of 0.7 despite changes in the general slenderness of these two samples of women thought to embody American beauty ideals.

Singh’s experiments were repeated in a variety of countries and societies that differ in both average body shape and apparent ideals. The results weren’t unanimous, but a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.7 came up as most attractive more often than not. The idea of an optimal ratio is so appealing in its simplicity that it became a staple factoid for magazines such as Cosmo.

There’s plenty to argue about with waist-hip ratio research. Some researchers have found that other indices, like Body Mass Index (BMI) explain body attractiveness more effectively.

But others reject the reductionism of measures like WHR and BMI altogether. This rejection reaches its extremes in the notion that ideas of body attractiveness are entirely culturally constructed and arbitrary. Or, more sinisterly, designed by our capitalist overlords in the diet industry to be inherently unattainable.

The evidence? The observation that women’s bodies differ, on average, between places or times. That’s the idea animating the following video, long on production values, short on scholarship and truly astronomic on the number of hits (21 million-plus at the time of writing):

I note that Botticelli’s Venus looks more at home in the 20th Century than among the more full-figured Renaissance “ideals”. So do the Goddesses and Graces in La Primavera. Perhaps there was room for more than one kind of attractive body in the Florentine Renaissance? Or is the relationship between attractiveness and body shape less changeable and more variegated than videos like the one above would have us believe?

Not that I’m down on body shape diversity. Despite the fact that there seems to be only one way to make a supermodel, real women differ dramatically and quite different body types can be equally attractive. The science of attractiveness must grapple with variation, both within societies and among cultures.

This rather questionable video, called ‘Women’s Ideal Body Types Throughout History’, is getting a lot of airplay on YouTube.

Enter the BodyLab

For some years our research group has wrestled with exactly these issues, and with the fact that bodies vary in so many more dimensions than just their waists and their hips. To that end, we established the BodyLab project, a “digital ecosystem” in which people from all over the internet rate the attractiveness of curious-looking bodies like the male example below.

We call it a “digital ecosystem” not to maximise pretentiousness, but because this experiment involved multiple generations of selection and evolution. We started with measurements of 20 American women, a sample representing a wide variety of body shapes.

We then “mutated” those measures, adding or subtracting small amounts of random variation to each of 24 traits. Taking these newly mutated measures we built digital bodies, giving them an attractive middle-grey skin tone in an attempt to keep variation in skin colour, texture etc out of the already complex story.

If you want to help out with our second study, on male bodies, visit BodyLab and click through to Body Shape Study and then Rate Males (Generation 6).

This all involved considerable technologic innovation, resulting in an experiment unlike any other. We had a population of bodies (120 per generation) that we could select after a few thousand people had rated them for attractiveness. We then “bred” from the most attractive half of all models and released the new generation into the digital ecosystem.

What did we find? In a paper just published at Evolution & Human Behavior, the most dramatic result was that the average model became more slender with each generation. Almost every measure of girth decreased dramatically, whereas legs and arms evolved to be longer.

That may not seem surprising, particularly because the families “bred” from the most overweight individuals at the start of the experiment were eliminated in the first few generations.

Example image from the BodyLab ‘digital ecosystem’. The VW Beetle is provided as the universal symbol of something-slightly-shorter-than-an-adult-human. Faces pixellated to preserve any grey people’s anonymity. Credit: Rob Brooks/BodyLab.biz

But, after that, more families remained in the digital ecosystem, surviving generation after generation of selection, than we would have expected if there was a single most attractive body type. The Darwinian process we imposed on our bodies had started acting on the mutations we added during the breeding process.

More meaningful than the mean

Those “mutations” that we introduced allowed bodies to evolve free from all the developmental constraints that apply to real-world bodies. For example, leg lengths could evolve independently of arm lengths. Waists could get smaller even as thighs got bigger.

When we examined those five families that lasted longest as our digital ecosystem evolved, we observed a couple of interesting nuances.

First, selection targeted waist size itself, rather than waist-hip ratio. No statistical model involving hip size (either on its own or in waist-hip ratio) could come close to explaining attractiveness as well as waist size alone. Our subjects liked the look of slender models with especially slender waists. There was nothing magical about a 0.7 waist-to-hip ratio.

In eight generations, the average body became more slender. Waist, seat, collar, bust, underbust, forearm, bicep, calf and thigh girth all decreased by more than one standard deviation. At the same time, leg length (inseam) rose by 1.4 standard deviations. Credit: Rob Brooks

Second, within attractive families, which were the more slender families to begin with, evolution bucked the population-wide trend. These bodies began evolving to be more shapely, with bigger busts and more substantial curves.

It turns out there’s more than one way to make an attractive body, and those different body types evolve to be well-integrated. That’s a liberating message for most of us: evolutionary biology has more to offer our understanding of diversity than the idea that only one “most attractive” body (or face, or personality) always wins out.

What about the cultural constructionists? Are body ideals arbitrary, or tools of the patriarchal-commercial complex?

Our results suggest that the similarities between places, and even between male and female raters, are pretty strong: the 60,000 or so people who viewed and rated our images held broadly similar ideas of what was hot and what was not. But their tastes weren’t uniform. We think most individuals could see beauty in variety, if not in the full scope of diversity on offer.

What’s cool about our evolving bodies, however, is that we can run the experiment again and again. We can do so with different groups of subjects, or even using the same subjects before and after they’ve experienced some kind of intervention (perhaps body-image consciousness-raising?). I’m hoping we can use them to look, in unprecedented depth, at the intricate ways in which experience, culture and biology interact.

Explore further

Abdominal obesity ups risk of hip fracture Source: The Conversation

This story is published courtesy of The Conversation (under Creative Commons-Attribution/No derivatives).

Citation: There is really a single ideal body shape for women? (2015, March 6) retrieved 1 February 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2015-03-ideal-body-women.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Perfect body throughout history

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