What You Should Know About Shortness of Breath on Exertion

“Shortness of breath on exertion” is a term used to describe difficulty breathing when engaged in a simple activity like walking up a flight of stairs or going to the mailbox.

It’s also known as:

  • breathlessness on exertion
  • exertional dyspnea
  • dyspnea on effort
  • exertional breathlessness
  • short of breath with activity
  • dyspnea on exertion (DOE)

While each person experiences this symptom differently, it’s usually marked by feeling like you can’t catch your breath.

Normal breathing is relatively slow and occurs without much thought.

When you begin breathing faster and feel that the breath is shallower, that’s what shortness of breath feels like. You may switch from breathing through your nose to your mouth to try to get more air. When this happens without athletic exertion, it’s a concern.

Many people feel short of breath during strenuous activity if they aren’t accustomed to exercise.

But if you have a sudden onset of difficulty breathing doing routine day-to-day activities, it may be a medical emergency.

Shortness of breath on exertion is a sign that your lungs aren’t getting enough oxygen in or not getting enough carbon dioxide out. It can be a warning sign of something serious.

9 Possible Shortness Of Breath After 1 Flight Of Stairs Conditions

The list below shows results from the use of our quiz by Buoy users who experienced shortness of breath after 1 flight of stairs. This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive inflammation of the lungs that makes breathing difficult. It is caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases and/or dust particles, most often cigarette smoke.

Symptoms may take years to develop. They include a chronic cough with mucus (sputum), wheezing, chest tightness, fatigue, constant colds, swollen ankles, and cyanosis (blue tinge to the lips and/or fingernails.) Depression is often a factor due to reduced quality of life.

Treatment is important because there is a greater risk of heart disease and lung cancer in COPD patients. Though the condition cannot be cured, it can be managed to reduce risks and allow good quality of life.

COPD is commonly misdiagnosed and so careful testing is done. Diagnosis is made through patient history; physical examination; lung function tests; blood tests; and chest x-ray or CT scan.

Treatment involves quitting smoking and avoiding exposure to other lung irritants; use of inhalers to ease symptoms; steroids; lung therapies; and getting influenza and pneumonia vaccines as recommended.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: fatigue, cough and dyspnea related to smoking, cough, shortness of breath, trouble sleeping

Symptoms that always occur with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd): cough and dyspnea related to smoking

Symptoms that never occur with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd): rectal bleeding

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Aortic valve regurgitation

Aortic valve regurgitation occurs when the aortic valve one of the four valves in the heart fails to function properly and allows blood to flow backward through it. When some blood flows back from the aorta into the heart, it puts pressure on the heart and…

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough iron to form hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body.

The condition can be caused by acute blood loss through injury, surgery, or childbirth;chronic b…

Viral pneumonia

Viral pneumonia, also called “viral walking pneumonia,” is an infection of the lung tissue with influenza (“flu”) or other viruses.

These viruses spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Those with weakened immune systems are most susceptible, such as young children, the elderly, and anyone receiving chemotherapy or organ transplant medications.

Symptoms may be mild at first. Most common are cough showing mucus or blood; high fever with shaking chills; shortness of breath; headache; fatigue; and sharp chest pain on deep breathing or coughing.

Medical care is needed right away. If not treated, viral pneumonia can lead to respiratory and organ failure.

Diagnosis is made through chest x-ray. A blood draw or nasal swab may be done for further testing.

Antibiotics do not work against viruses and will not help viral pneumonia. Treatment involves antiviral drugs, corticosteroids, oxygen, pain/fever reducers such as ibuprofen, and fluids. IV (intravenous) fluids may be needed to prevent dehydration.

Prevention consists of flu shots as well as frequent and thorough handwashing.

Rarity: Uncommon

Top Symptoms: fatigue, headache, cough, shortness of breath, loss of appetite

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Shortness Of Breath After 1 Flight Of Stairs Symptom Checker

Take a quiz to find out what might be causing your shortness of breath after 1 flight of stairs

Severe asthma attack

A severe asthma attack makes it incredibly hard to breathe and is a medical emergency. If possible, use a rescue inhaler ASAP.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: being severely ill, shortness of breath at rest, wheezing, irritability, cough with dry or watery sputum

Symptoms that always occur with severe asthma attack: shortness of breath at rest, being severely ill

Urgency: Hospital emergency room

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (A-fib) is an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia) characterized by a rapid rate and irregular rhythm that feels like the heart is quivering. It can lead to chest discomfort, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and the formation of blood clots, which can cause…

Narrowing of the aortic valve

Narrowing of the aortic valve is also called aortic valve stenosis, aortic stenosis, or AS. The aortic valve controls the flow of blood from the heart into the aorta, the body’s main artery. If the aortic valve is abnormally narrow, the blood being pushed through it is blocked. Pressure may build up within the heart, causing damage.

AS may be caused by a congenital malformation of the valve, or by calcium deposits and/or the scarring that occurs as a person ages.

Symptoms may not appear right away. There will be chest pain with the feeling of pounding heartbeat, as well as shortness of breath with fatigue, lightheadedness, or even fainting.

It is important to see a medical provider for these symptoms, since AS can lead to stroke, blood clots, and heart failure.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination, echocardiogram, CT scan, and sometimes a stress test.

Treatment may simply involve monitoring and medication, while making lifestyle improvements in diet, exercise, weight, and smoking. Surgery to repair or replace the faulty aortic valve may be recommended.

Rarity: Uncommon

Top Symptoms: fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain, shortness of breath on exertion, decreased exercise tolerance

Urgency: Hospital emergency room


Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle, also called the myocardium.

It is a rare complication of any viral, bacterial, parasitic, or fungal infection. Reaction to drugs, medications, chemicals, or even radiation can bring about myocarditis.

Anyone with a weakened immune system or pre-existing heart condition is susceptible.

Symptoms include fatigue, chest pain, and shortness of breath, especially following a viral upper respiratory illness. Swelling of the feet and legs from poor circulation may be seen.

If symptoms are severe, take the patient to the emergency room or call 9-1-1. Myocarditis weakens the heart so that it cannot pump blood as it should. Blood clots, stroke, heart attack, abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia,) and sudden cardiac death can result without treatment.

Diagnosis is made by electrocardiogram (ECG,) chest x-ray, MRI, echocardiogram, and blood tests.

Short-term treatment is with rest and medication, depending on what kind of illness brought about the myocarditis. Sometimes, devices to support the heartbeat may be surgically implanted.

Long-term treatment may involve medicines such as ACE inhibitors, ARBs, beta blockers, and diuretics.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: fatigue, headache, shortness of breath, muscle aches, chest pain

Urgency: Hospital emergency room

Chest pain from reduced cardiac blood flow (angina pectoris)

Angina pectoris is chest pain that is felt when heart muscle needs more blood than it is currently getting. This may result from coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner walls.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: chest pain, chest pain, tight, heavy, squeezing chest pain, moderate chest pain, deep chest pain, behind the breast bone

Symptoms that always occur with chest pain from reduced cardiac blood flow (angina pectoris): chest pain

Symptoms that never occur with chest pain from reduced cardiac blood flow (angina pectoris): productive cough

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Q | I can run a 5K, but sometimes I get winded simply climbing stairs. What’s up with that?

A | You’re not alone! Many people get short of breath when they’re going up stairs because it’s a high-intensity, weight-bearing activity that raises your heart rate quickly and makes your lungs work to pull in oxygen. You’re essentially doing lunges while lifting your body against gravity and up something steeper than an average hill — most likely between bouts of inactivity.

“It’s a combination of it being hard work and not warming up,” says Paul Thompson, MD, director of cardiology at Hartford Hospital in Connecticut.

Just how much harder does that office staircase work your cardio system? In one study, Canadian researchers found that stair climbing was twice as taxing as walking on level ground and 50 percent harder than walking up a steep hill or lifting weights. In other words, it’s totally normal to be short of breath after climbing a couple of flights. (That being said, the American Heart Association advises seeing a healthcare provider if your heart rate doesn’t quickly return to normal; if you have a chronic cough; or if you are consistently out of breath or wheezing during exercise.)

If you’re healthy, consider the ample benefits of stepping up more often: Results from the Harvard Alumni study — a cohort study examining the relationship between physical activity and chronic disease — showed that men who climbed an average of eight or more flights of stairs daily had a 33 percent lower mortality rate than men who were sedentary. Men who walked 1.3 miles daily had a 22 percent lower death rate.

So the next time you’re inclined to use the elevator, take the time to climb instead. Each stair is a step toward improved fitness.

Heidi Wachter Heidi Wachter is an Experience Life staff writer.

You might feel shortness of breath in a number of situations, like when you go all-out in a high-intensity interval training class or when you’re rushing to work after you hit snooze too many times. But it can be jarring to feel shortness of breath when doing something as simple as climbing a flight of stairs.

Dyspnea is the medical term for shortness of breath, and it basically feels like you have an intense tightening in your chest, need more air, or even as though you’re suffocating, according to the Mayo Clinic. There are plenty of reasons why you might experience this potentially scary difficulty breathing, some more serious than others.

Although you usually do it without even thinking, breathing is a pretty complex process.

Various receptors in your lungs, airways, blood vessels, muscles, and brain use sensory input to adjust how you’re breathing based on what your body needs, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI).

So, let’s say you have asthma. This condition can make your airways narrow, swell, and produce too much mucus, according to the Mayo Clinic. In that case, your body’s sensors will detect that you’re not getting enough oxygen and sound the alarm. “That gives you the sensation that you’re…requiring more effort to get in air,” Emily Pennington, M.D., a pulmonologist at the Cleveland Clinic, tells SELF.

Feeling out of breath is always good to take note of, but it doesn’t necessarily signal a huge problem. Sometimes, it’s just because you’re doing something your body isn’t used to.

Trouble breathing when doing something like climbing a flight of stairs is worth side-eyeing, Sadia Benzaquen, M.D., a pulmonologist and associate professor in the department of internal medicine at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, tells SELF, but it’s not necessarily a huge deal.

If you live in a ground-floor apartment and don’t use stairs regularly, it’s not unusual to feel a little winded when you have to tackle a flight. “In general, if you’re deconditioned, you might have a little shortness of breath when you climb stairs,” Dr. Benzaquen says.

If you’re out of breath with pretty low-intensity movements, young, otherwise healthy, and can’t remember the last time you worked out, exercising more regularly will probably help, Dr. Benzaquen says. This will make your muscles more efficient, so they’ll need less oxygen to do their job and also produce less carbon dioxide as a result. The overall effect is that you’ll need less air as you exercise. “Before you start exercising, it’s not a bad idea to go to your primary care physician to make sure your heart and lungs are fine,” Dr. Benzaquen says. “Then, go ahead and go to the gym.”

But context is everything. If you work out regularly and find that you’re getting out of breath when you climb stairs that you hit up every day, that’s concerning. “It’s not normal if you notice that something that didn’t used to make you feel short of breath is now bothering you,” Dr. Pennington says. Also, if you’re suddenly getting out of breath when you do even less intense things than climbing stairs, like taking a shower or getting the mail, you really need to call your doctor, Dr. Benzaquen says. “If you’re a young, healthy adult, you shouldn’t doing normal activities,” Dr. Benzaquen says.

There are a bunch of health conditions that can cause serious breathing issues, so it’s always good to see a doctor if you’re at all concerned.

Some, like asthma, you may already know you have. But other serious causes include pneumonia, carbon monoxide poisoning, heart attack, heart failure, a pulmonary embolism, a collapsed lung, or lung disease, according to the Mayo Clinic.

What causes breathlessness?

Breathlessness is a symptom, and there are many possible underlying causes.

The 4 main causes are:

  • lung conditions
  • heart conditions
  • anxiety
  • being unfit

There are other reasons too.

If you get breathless every day, you might be diagnosed with one of these causes. Often there’s more than one. And others can develop over time. If you notice changes in your breathing, tell your doctor. Conditions that cause long-term breathlessness can often be treated but some cannot be fully reversed.

Lung conditions

Lung conditions cause breathlessness in different ways. Some conditions cause the airways to become inflamed and narrowed, or fill the airways with phlegm, so it’s harder for air to move in and out of the lungs. Others make the lungs stiff and less elastic so it’s harder for them to expand and fill with air.

Lung conditions that cause long-term (chronic) breathlessness include:

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • asthma
  • interstitial lung disease (ILD), including pulmonary fibrosis
  • bronchiectasis
  • industrial or occupational lung diseases such as asbestosis, which is caused by being exposed to asbestos
  • lung cancer

Some lung conditions can also cause short-term (acute) breathlessness. These include:

  • a flare-up of asthma or COPD
  • a pulmonary embolism or blood clot on the lung
  • a lung infection such as pneumonia or tuberculosis
  • a pneumothorax or collapsed lung
  • a build-up of fluid in your lungs or the lining of your lungs – this might be because your heart is failing to pump efficiently or may be because of liver disease, cancer or infection

Heart conditions

Some people may experience long-term breathlessness due to heart failure. This can be due to problems with the rhythm, valves or cardiac muscles of the heart. Heart failure can cause breathlessness because the heart is not able to increase its pumping strength in response to exercise, or because the lungs become congested and filled with fluid. Often this is worse when lying flat so breathlessness due to heart failure can be worse at night or when asleep.

Heart conditions that cause acute breathlessness include:

  • a heart attack
  • an abnormal heart rhythm. You might feel your heart misses beats or you might experience palpitations

Find out more on the British Heart Foundation website


Some people feel short of breath when they’re anxious or afraid. This is a normal response by your body to what you think is a stressful situation – your body is preparing for action. As you get more anxious, you may start to breathe faster and tense your breathing muscles.

Your physical health can also impact on your mental health, especially if you are living with a lung condition. You might get anxious if you don’t feel in control of your condition. And if you have a condition, you may have symptoms that make you feel anxious. Sometimes the symptoms – like breathlessness, tightness in your chest or getting tired very easily – are similar to feelings of anxiety.

Panic attacks

When your body’s normal response is exaggerated, you get a rapid build-up of physical responses. This is a panic attack. As your body tries to take in more oxygen, your breathing quickens. Your body also releases hormones so your heart beats faster and your muscles tense.

During a panic attack, you might feel you can’t breathe and:

  • have a pounding heart
  • feel faint
  • sweat
  • feel sick
  • have shaky limbs

  • feel you’re not connected to your body

Panic attacks can be very frightening if you feel you can’t breathe.

Being unfit

When we are unfit, our muscles get weaker. This includes the muscles we use to breathe. Weaker muscles need more oxygen to work, so the weaker our muscles, the more breathless we feel.

Being an unhealthy weight can also make us feel breathless.

  • If you’re underweight, your breathing muscles will be weaker.
  • If you’re overweight, it takes more effort to breathe and move around. Having more weight around the chest and abdomen restricts how much your lungs can move. If you have a body mass index of 25 or more, you’re more likely to get breathless compared to people with a healthy weight.

People who are severely overweight can develop obesity hypoventilation syndrome. This is when poor breathing leads to lower oxygen levels and higher carbon dioxide levels in their blood.

Other reasons

Other causes of long-term breathlessness include:

  • smoking
  • conditions that affect how your muscles work, such as muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis or motor neurone disease
  • postural conditions that alter the shape of your spine, and affect how your ribs and how your lungs expand. For example scoliosis and kyphosis
  • anaemia, when a lack of iron in the body leads to few red blood cells
  • kidney disease
  • thyroid disease

Getting out of breath can be very frightening. You may feel anxious about it or feel embarrassed about other people seeing. The good news is that you can get help. You can make a plan with your doctor to manage your breathlessness. You can learn control your breathing.

As long as it works, we all take breathing for granted. I am now aware of every breath I take and of its own quality. I have a great group of professionals around to help me and I am well supported by my family.” Chris, was diagnosed with COPD over ten years ago.

Next: Diagnosing breathlessness >

Feeling breathless at the top of a flight of stairs happens to the best of us. I’ve run marathons, you might think to yourself. Why is this so hard? Well, you’re not alone. Amelia Boone, an ultrarunner and four-time world champion obstacle racer, even tweeted about having a hard time walking up to the fifth floor of her office.

I think of this every time I get winded walking up to my office on the 5th floor. https://t.co/I7PWJuvzII

— Amelia Boone (@ameliaboone) July 15, 2018

So what’s the deal with shortness of breath after taking the steps? We talked to top experts to find out.

Why You Get Winded

What’s going on in your body when you run is different from what happens when you climb stairs, and it has to do with slow-twitch versus fast-twitch muscle fibers, explains Timothy J. Michael, Ph.D., professor of exercise science at Western Michigan University and a certified exercise physiologist.

First, a quick refresher on the science: Each muscle has individual muscle fibers, of which there are two main types—slow-twitch and fast-twitch. Slow-twitch muscle fibers have a high resistance to fatigue and help you sustain activity like long-distance running for an extended period of time. Fast-twitch muscle fibers, on the other hand, come into play when you’re doing something that requires quick, powerful movements such as sprinting or jumping and tire faster than slow-twitch fibers.

“ mainly relies on slow-twitch fibers, which are used for endurance and rely on aerobic metabolism,” he says. “The slow-twitch fiber is high in endurance and fatigue resistance but low in power and strength. While climbing stairs can be an endurance activity, to propel your body vertically takes more strength and power, thus requiring more fast-twitch fibers to be recruited to accomplish the task.”

Plus, endurance athletes have an increased sensitivity to carbon dioxide and hydrogen, which are produced during anaerobic metabolism, accumulate the more you’re in motion, and make you fatigue faster, according to Frank Wyatt, a certified exercise physiologist and professor in the Department of Athletic Training and Exercise Physiology at Midwestern State University. This means you might start breathing heavier sooner than someone who gets very little exercise.

And if you’re breaking a sweat, that doesn’t mean you’re out of shape. Fit people actually sweat sooner and longer than those who don’t work out regularly. Sweating is your body’s way of cooling itself off, according to Wyatt. “If you are a fit person, the sweating response to aid in cooling the body is quicker and more prolonged when compared to an unfit person.”

Here are a few other explanations as to why stairs are so damn hard:

You’re Fighting Gravity

Running is a forward-motion activity, but you have to work against gravity to lift yourself up a flight (or more) of stairs. “If you analyze the movement of stair climbing, you are moving both horizontally and vertically, so you have to propel yourself forward, but also lift your body weight up,” Wyatt says. To add to the difficulty, stairs require more muscle mass activation because you’re lifting your knees higher.

There’s No Warmup

Before every run, you probably do a warmup consisting of exercises such as lunges, leg swings, high knees, butt kicks, and jumping jacks. Warming up before a workout is crucial because it prepares your muscles for activity, facilitating oxygen flow to them, Wyatt says. And getting enough oxygen to your muscles increases their flexibility, power, and efficiency.

But here’s the catch: Since stairs are usually apart of your everyday life, you rarely (if ever) warm up before climbing to your third-floor apartment or your fifth-floor office. When your muscles aren’t primed to tackle the climb, it’ll feel like more of a challenge.

You’re Using Muscles You Don’t Normally Use

If you’re used to running long distances, the primary muscle groups moving you forward are your quads, hamstrings, and calves. When you hit the stairs, you activate your glutes. Using a muscle group that is not as conditioned will make it feel more difficult when you are climbing stairs, Wyatt says.

Related Story

This is an example of a concept called “specificity of training,” which means that your body adapts to the type and intensity of training you normally do, Michael adds. “Generally, because of this, there is very little crossover in training adaptations,” he says. “You may be able to run long distances, but you can’t squat two times your body weight.” (Or climb a few flights of stairs.)

How to Make Stair Climbing Easier

Here’s the good news: Opting for the stairs doesn’t have to feel so hard—you can actually train to make them less of a hassle.

“Training by running or walking up stairs will allow you to adapt to this particular stress,” Wyatt says. Plus, incorporating stairs into your run training can help you get faster and stronger—like being able to push it extra hard for that finish kick.

Otherwise, resistance or weight training can also help. Both Wyatt and Michael recommend adding exercises such as squats, lunges, and HIIT training into your regular routine to mimic the movement of walking up stairs, so the days of having to catch your breath in the stairwell before walking into your office will be long gone.

Danielle Zickl Associate Health & Fitness Editor Danielle specializes in interpreting and reporting the latest health research and also writes and edits in-depth service pieces about fitness, training, and nutrition.

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  • (Applies to Turco & heaters using wick #9) .pdf by Richard Kunst.

  • Valor 12 Owner’s Manual
  • Wick #16-2P
  • installation instructions.

Kerosene Lamps

  • Center Draft Kerosene Lamps
  • (Photos, information and history, etc)

  • Care, Feeding and Restoration of Center Draft Lamps (and wick installation for many)
  • Center Draft Lamp manufacturers and brand names
  • Lamp Chimneys – Dimension of nominal base diameter by make, model and “line”.
  • Center Draft Wicks – Wicks available only from this Wick Shop.
  • Flat lamp wicks
  • Early American Metal Font & Specialty Lamps
  • Kosmos-Brenner lamps and wicks
  • New Flame Spreaders and “Smoke Consumers”
  • from Alex Marrack

Kerosene Stoves, Lanterns and Ovens

  • Kerosene Stove Maintenance and Storage New!
  • Butterfly #2487, 16 wick stove. New!
  • Butterfly #2412 Pressure Stove;
  • instructions for virtually any pressure stove.

  • Butterfly #2418 Double Burner Stove;
  • good with any gravity flow stove.

  • Butterfly #2421 Oven for Kerosene Stoves
  • Butterfly #2641, 10 Wick Stove –
  • the least expensive emergency stove.

  • Butterfly #2698 Cook Stove –
  • THE Best Heavy Duty Cook Stove. New!

  • Butterfly #828R Pressure Lantern;
  • same for most pressure lanterns.

  • Haller “Origineel” Stoves
  • Mini kerosene heaters;
  • also mini stoves made from old brooder lamps.

  • Sad Iron stoves;
  • examples of, and wick replacement. Wicks are here.

  • “Wickless” Stoves & Ranges,
  • and wicking for them.

Links to web sites for parts, information and restoration.


Buy two wicks and save on postage! The new postage rates of January 3, 2010 significantly raised the cost of mailing thick flats and boxes. Postage is added per the amount of purchase. For the US and Canada, up to $20.00* is $3.95; often two wicks and an igniter are available for a low $4.95 postage — First Class — and Priority Mail over 13 ounces for fast delivery. If the cart window is open, you cannot add any products even after clicking on “continue shopping.”

Postage for orders is by the amount of purchase (different for destinations beyond North America (Priority Mail Upgrade)

An e-mail confirmation is sent for each order received. US orders have Delivery Confirmation number sent by e-mail. I keep you informed.

* I mail virtually every day from Oregon, USA, and delivery is as fast as I can make it happen. No shipping on Sunday or holidays, of course, because the Post Office is closed.

PRIORITY MAIL upgrade for small orders (orders over 13 ounces are sent Priority Mail). Postal delivery nationwide in 2 days; US ZIP Codes only.

Wicks and accessories are gladly shipped to Europe, the Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, etc.

The new postage rates of May 14, 2007 established a First Class International classification as well as an International Priority Mail class. International Priority Mail must be shipped in a special Postal “Flat Rate” envelope, which excludes boxed wicks. The automatic postage added with the “Add to Cart” buttons is calculated for boxed wicks.

International_Priority Mail UPGRADE – 1 or 2 flat wicks* only (excluded list below): additional postage required ( add to cart with order)

1 or 2 wicks

Up to six FLAT wicks will fit into a Priority Flat mailing envelope with a cost of $13.95 for Priority postage IF you e-mail me for an INVOICE.

* The following wick numbers are NOT FLAT WICKS and CANNOT BE SHIPPED AS INTERNATIONAL PRIORITY MAIL: #15, 16, 20’s, 34, 35, 36, 37, 37A, 38, 38A or 500.

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CUI is an American importer of heater wicks CUI has the exclusive import rights for wicks made by Hattersley in England. CUI also imports wicks from Korea. I reserve the right to substitute Chilean made (or other) heater wicks where I have found them to be of better quality and value than CUI’s Korean wicks.

Hattersley (since 1834) has been making heater wicks for decades with the highest quality materials! “The Japanese have developed their wicks solely around the refined kerosene available in the Far East. We have taken our products a stage further and as a result of our constant development program our wicks have been recognised as the finest in the World because they perform very well in all grades of kerosene.” Tony Woodyatt, CEO, Hattersley

Hattersley is the manufacturer of OEM wicks for many brands of heaters for Europe, including Toyotomi (KeroSun, Zibro) & Corona., and made to the highest UL Standards.

Hattersley’s Wick Testing Laboratory

Hattersley makes the World’s most comprehensive range of wicks for modern and antique kerosene heaters and lamps. The company’s dedication to progress is exemplified by its wicks development laboratory/testing room and wick library, which Mr Woodyatt established within the factory in 1992, and has been used since then to develop their products to the highest possible level.

SORRY, THE WICK SHOP DOES NOT HAVE FACILITIES FOR WALK IN CLIENTS, BUT OUR WEB SITE REMAINS OPEN 24/7 TO HELP YOU. I ANSWER QUESTIONS AS QUICKLY as possible (via e-mail, not telephone) to help with problems. I ship via USPS every day about 2:00 PM, so even orders received up to noon can receive same-day mailing – I give you the best possible service I can provide. If you are my customer and have questions about my wicks, your heaters or lamps, please e-mail me at mil[email protected] – I am your tech support. If you support other businesses by purchasing their wicks, I am sure they will be glad to help you – I am not their free tech support.

Customer “Feedback”

~~~~~~~~~February 9, 2010

Excellent service!! Of course with the largest snow we’ve had in years both of heaters were out of commission. I ordered wicks on Saturday and on Tuesday I have them in my hands! Thank you for your great service, and for such an information packed website! Susan Ash, Virginia

~~~~~~~~~February 3, 2010

Got my wicks in the mail today! WOW! I can’t believe how fast you shipped them out! 3 days from Oregon to Maine is phenomenal! Thanks! The product is a perfect match/fit and at a great price to boot! It’s a pleasure doing business with someone who actually cares for their customers! Thanks again, Glenn Glenn Ouimet, Maine

~~~~~~~~February 2, 2010

That was quick delivery – my order arrived yesterday! I’m writing today because I had some time to fit the new wicks into my lamps this afternoon.

This is my second order from you and I’m very, very pleased. I had trouble finding the right wick for an older B&H, but the one I got from you fits and works perfectly. Thanks to your descriptions that include both dimensions and make/model references, I confidently bought wicks for a Pittsburgh Success and P&A. Maybe 100 years ago when these lamps were in common use, “everyone” knew how to fit and trim a wick and what kind of fuel to use. With your helpful advice, I’m putting my lamps to use fully confident that I’m doing it right.


Dorsey, in N.J.

~~~~~~~~December 17, 2009

My husband didn’t find his much needed wicks locally, so I found your site on the web when I searched for “Kerosun Omni 15 wicks.”

Didn’t know how long it would take to receive them, but we got them from Oregon to Indiana in less than 48 hours from the time we ordered them!

Reasonable price, reasonable shipping, Outstanding Service!!!

Thank you so very much!

Happy Holidays,

The Wagners

~~~~~~~~~September 22, 2009

Hi Miles. Do you have a special in with the USPS? I ordered the wick & chimney on Saturday morning, and it was delivered today, MONDAY. You and the USPS are the pinnacle of service. BTW, The chimney is beautiful. I’ll send you a picture when the Dresden is up and running. Thanks again, Dan D. (from Mass.)

~~~~~~~~~August 21, 2009

Thanks for your quick time . You shipped my order on the day I ordered it. Outstanding arrived to new zealand In very good time and my haller stove is going again. will buy from you again I am a very satisfied customer. Thanks again for your great service. thanks steve patrick –new zealand

Guess what I got in the mail today. I ordered my wick on Wednesday 2-4-09 and received it on Friday 2-6-09. I knew that when I had read the responses on your web page, everyone was excited by the quick delivery. I didn’t know you could send mail from Oregon to Tennessee in one day. Thank you very much. I also appreciate the quick responses to my email questions. It has truly been a great experience doing business with you. I didn’t see a place to respond to the feedback. If you can put this email on it please do. I will tell everybody I know about your web page. Again thanks for everything. May God Bless You!!! Aaron Spencer, TN

~~~~~~~~~November 24, 2008

I ordered my wicks and igniter on 11/22/08 and received today 11/24. First of all, thank you for the super fast delivery, I am truely impressed and shocked that such service still exists for online businesses.
I have been purchasing wicks for my Dura Heat kerosene heater from a large local retailer since they were cheaper and carried the same wick as 3 other retailers in my area. I have “burned up” 2 of their wicks in just under 6 weeks. The wicks burn up so fast while never operating properly from first installation. The height adjustment was always sticking, especially when pressing the knob to “turn off” the heater. It never once went completely down on either wick (nor could I get it to go any lower) causing the wick to burn for about 30 – 60 seconds before going out completely. After only 3 or 4 burns on the new wick, it was a major chore to get the wick to even raise without catching on something whether due to the soiled wick or bad fit. The first time I used up a wick, I thought it was something I had done wrong… whether it was the installation (even though it was a pinned wick) or the wick height while burning. I looked into the problem online and was reassured I was following proper methods for installation and burning. I found your site in my research and read about the fiberglass top and cotton bottom wicks. Since I had “burned up” the other wicks so fast, I was sold when I read about the nonburning fiberglass.
I was truely impressed with wicks when I took them out of the package. The superior quality was obvious as soon as I put it in my hands. After getting the new wick installed (exactly the same as the other wicks I installed) It worked flawlessly. No hanging or sticking and when I lit it for the first time, it was very clear that I made the right choice purchasing from you. I am generating a very noticable amount of more heat with the new wick which will save me money.
Thank you for your service! You have not only earned my lifelong loyalty as a customer, but all my high recommendations to anyone I talk to that would need your items. I appologize for the long email. I am hoping that it may help people in the future that come to you and your website and have any doubts that your products are any different than anything else that they have tried. I look forward to doing business with you again. Thanks Again. Ed Potts, Michigan

~~~~~~~~~October 6, 2008

I recently purchased a new wick for my old kerosene heater and one of the catalytic burners, let me tell you that I could notice as soon as I looked at the wick that it was far superior to any I had seen in the big box stores. I installed the wick just as the instructions said and installed the catalytic burner as well. The first time I fired up the heater there was a major difference in how it burned and how it smelled (there was NONE). I have read your site all the way through and will ONLY use you from now on with all my kerosene heater needs. David A, Maryland

~~~~~~~~~March 10, 2008

I wish to leave you “Feedback” like we do on Ebay… I can’t believe just how fast you got this purchase to me. I ordered it on Saturday… and there it is in my mailbox on Monday … WoW.. And thanks for using the Postal Service for your shipping needs. Wm.(Rusty) Crist Lynnwood Washington.

~~~~~~~~~March 5, 2008

Your company has to have the FASTEST service on the planet!!! I placed this order on Saturday and received it Monday. That’s awesome! I will pass your name along to anyone I know who needs your products. Thanks. Raytha in PA

~~~~~~~~~January 30, 2008

I order a wick from your store on Saturday, January 26th. I received it on Monday, January 28th. I live just outside Atlanta. Thanks you for the excellent service. I installed the new wick and all is well. Keith M.

~~~~~~~~~January 8, 2008

This is the second order I have made with your site. And, for the second time, I was very pleased with both the quality of the wicks and the speed with which they were delivered. My thanks to you for the excellent service!!
Robert D.
American Red Cross
Deputy Representative, New England State

~~~~~~~~~December 28, 2007

~~~~~~~~~November 18, 2007

Hi, I Recently Purchased One Of These Heaters, The Wick That Came Installed With The Unit Was Virtually Worthless ! Had To Raise It Daily, Take Apart And Reinstall It Higher Every Three Or Four Days,. It Just Kept Burning Away. I Recently Purchased Several Replacement Wicks From You, Installed One In The Heater, And It Now Burns Flawlessly, No More Daily Adjustment, No More Taking It Apart To Raise The Wick. I Don`t Know If It`s Possible To Make People Aware Of This In Todays Legal Climate, (Lawsuits, Etc.). Just Wanted To Let You Knqw That You Ara 100% Percent Right When You State All Wicks Are Not Created Equally. I`ve Been Running Various Kero Sun Heaters (Stating In The Fall And Burning Continuously) For The Entire Winter (Long And Cold) For At Least Fifteen Years, In Northern New York. This Heater Works Great ! Just Thought I`d Pass Along The Info.
Thank`s T. O`D, Upstate New York

~~~~~~~~~October 9, 2007

Dear Miles, many thanks for your great service! I ordered the Wick on Oct. 3th and he arrived me at Oct. 8 th. Less than a week for the US to Germany! Many thanks, T. Wagenbach from Germany

~~~~~~~~~October 1, 2007

Got the blue flame wick in record time (one weekend!). You have my wick business from now on. At least there is somebody still honest out there on the web that I can count on! Scott in NY.

~~~~~~~~~September 23, 2007

Thank you so much for your great merchandise and your prompt
response and delivery of my order!! Jana M., Bakersfield

~~~~~~~~~August 21, 2007

Many thanks for your great service, posted 15th August USA and arrived at my
home on Tuesday 21st August! Heater going extra well. K. Beale, New Zealand

~~~~~~~~~July 2, 2007

I just wanted to let you know that the wick arrived when you said it would, it fit perfectly, installation was a snap and it kept us warm on the chilly evenings at scout camp last week. Thanks for your prompt service and attention to detail! F. Weller in Utah

~~~~~~~~~June 3, 2007

~~~~~~~~~March 6, 2007

Dear Miles,
Just wanted to say your service is unbeatable. Ordered on Saturday, received on Tuesday, in NY! And with the best price, I will be a repeat shopper.
Thanx again,
Boris R

~~~~~~~~~Feb. 15, 2007

I just wanted to send off a quick note to say thank-you for the promp service. I ordered a new wick on Sunday and it arrived on Wednesday. That is quicker than I could have had a store order it for me and without the hassle. Thanks again and have a great day. Sherry (Iowa)

~~~~~~~~~Feb. 13, 2007

Thanks for the great info and service. Your communication and customer service is amazing! Many thanks, Shawneene (Ohio)

~~~~~~~~~Feb. 6, 2007

Miles: You are amazing! Order in to Oregon Saturday, packaged and shipped same day, received in Atlanta Monday. That is very fast service! Even more surprising is the fact that the USPS does have a Priority Mail service! I really like the battery powered fuel pump, I wish I had made this purchase three months ago. It is a must for anyone charged with the chore of fueling kerosene heaters. Stellar . . . Thank you for the stellar service! Darryl in Atlanta

~~~~~~~~~Jan. 26, 2007

I want to thank you for the very fast service and the very informative website, I learned a lot. I recently purchased a used Omni-105 and am looking forward to putting in the new wick and igniter. Thanks again for the great service! Jerry in Georgia

~~~~~~~~~Jan. 23, 2007

Thanks for your quick turn-around. You shipped my order on the day I ordered it. Outstanding! USPS was on the ball too because it arrived on Monday. That’s just one business day shipping! Thanks again, Dwaine in Utah

~~~~~~~~~Jan. 17, 2007

Miles, Thank you for super quick shipping. I could not believe how fast my order got here. And you are an incredible source of information. Again thank you. Pam in Portland PS: Your may use this on your site if so inclined.


Sam here in Sierra Vista Arizona, Many thanks for the quick response and excellent service in filling and delivery of my or for two wicks for an old 500 model kerosene burner. Just letting you know that some of us out here appreciate it.


Thanks Miles I recd the new wick for my old Sharp radiant today and it has never worked better! I appreciate your prompt and courteous service and obvious expertise, This year for the 1st in several I will be warm and cosy in my hunting tent! Muchos Gracias Tony, from British Columbia


Again, thank you. Doing business with the best is really a blessing.
Cary, California


Thanks Miles– The wick arrived this morning, which is about the fastest service I’ve seen. Two day delivery across the country! Leslie in CT.


Thanks for the prompt and curteous service and your gift! Beats the hell out dealing with Wal mart. Tony G. in Newfoundland.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 12.23.05

Merry Christmas! I ordered two wicks from you for my Corona DK23 – an absolutely perfect fit. After wasting my hard-earned cash at Home Depot and Lowes for wicks that SHOULD have fit but didn’t, I stumbled upon your web site and I’m sure glad I did. I spent two hours trying to jam a wick in my DK23, I was covered with K1 and aggravated like you wouldn’t believe. I tossed it in the garbage in disgust. Maybe that was a Godsend, as it probably would have been dangerous if I had managed to make it fit.
Your wicks came this afternoon, and I REALLY appreciated the instructions for the DK23 that came with the wick. It took me ten minutes and most of that was just cleaning things up. I hope you stay in business for a L-O-N-G time, and I can guarantee that you’ll get my business in the future. My regular heating system is electric, and you can never guarantee that the juice will be there when you need it. The 23DK can heat my entire house, and it’s not a small house. Even the folks who have oil aren’t safe – if the electric goes, the blowers are inoperative. Kerosene isn’t cheap this year, but the DK23 puts out a LOT of heat, and we love it. I feel much better now that I don’t have to worry about where the wicks are coming from.
AND… your web site is wonderful and informative. Feel free to use me as a reference – a VERY satisfied customer. Thanks again for your great service. Peace to you in this Christmas season and our best for a prosperous and healthy 2006.
Paul, New Jersey

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 12.21.05

I had to write to thank you for such wonderful service!!! I’m very impressed with the quick delivery!!!! The new wick arrived today and is installed. It works better than ever! I’m keeping your business in my reference folder for future purchases.
Thank you so very much! Merry Christmas!!!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 12.15.05

My wicks arrived today and I installed one in about 30 minutes . . . the instructions were very clear and easy-to-follow. Now my heater is burning brightly and more cleanly than it has in years. I was surprised how badly the old wick looked when I removed it. Many thanks for your swift and courteous service.
Sincerely, Richard


Thanks so much for the help. I have the order form and a check in the mail heading your way. I went to every hardware store within 100 miles of my house and nobody had a clue about what I needed. It’s nice to know someone out there is willing to help. Thanks again! Robert


Hi Miles: The wick for my Perfection 500 arrived yesterday. I installed it this morning and it works perfect! I think the problem with the KeroWorld wick was due to the thin construction also since there was air space between the wick and brass guide walls that allowed kerosene vapors through after warm up causing flare up and smoke. Thanks again…. Greg….


Thank you very much for the reply. It’s nice to know there are still people willing to help others out when they have questions. This weekend I’ll have to look into raising the wick as you suggested. Thank you again for all your help and all the great information you provide to all of us. And you’ll be hearing from me soon, as I’ll need to order some wicks so I have replacements on hand. Chris



Extra Postage for Overseas Delivery

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Here’s Why You Get Out of Breath Walking Up Stairs (Even Though You’re Fit)

Getty Images

I like to think that I am in pretty good shape. I work out five to six times per week, have run multiple marathons and, well, I am the senior fitness editor for Health. Still, there are times when I find myself winded after climbing a flight or two of stairs. What gives?

“You’re introducing a new variable very quickly,” explains Joe Holder, a Nike running coach and trainer and a performance coach at S-10 Training in New York City. “You go from resting to doing something very quickly that’s typically under 10 seconds. That means you’re going to be in an oxygen-depleted environment, and then have to go back to normal; your body takes a second to catch up.”

Adds Frank Baptiste, founder of Frankly Fitness in New York City: “In order to deliver more oxygen to more muscles you’re going to start breathing heavier to take in that oxygen and your heart rate is going to increase to deliver it to your muscles.”

The good news: It’s totally normal to get winded—when you start to huff and puff, however, depends on the individual. Each person has a threshold, notes Holder, and if those steps are long enough, you’ll end up breathless.

RELATED: 5 Signs Your Workout Is Too Easy

“Depending on the amount of steps, you get to a point where it becomes more and more conditioning,” explains Holder. “Some people get through 4 steps without being winded, and it’s nothing, some people 8, and some people 12. You have to find out what your threshold is. Those short first bursts don’t need oxygen, but then there’s that transition period where it’s like alright, your body starts to know that to use oxygen a little bit more, and that’s when you’re like, oh whoa, you’re a little bit tired.”

So is there anything you can do to get a handle on your breathing while going vertical? The answer is yes. You have to work on your conditioning; the better conditioned you are, the further you’ll be able to push that threshold back. Here, three ways to do just that:

RELATED: 3 Easy Cardio Moves You Can Do Anywhere

Take the stairs more

This is pretty self-explanatory. If you want to get better at stairs, do more of ’em; the more accustomed your body becomes, the better you’ll become at this skill. “Half of the problem has to do with the fact that your body isn’t efficient walking up steps,” says Holder. Don’t encounter stairs that often? Utilize the stairmaster, he advises.

Add intervals

“This is the best way to make those incremental jumps in your VO2 max, a measure of how well your body uses oxygen,” says Baptiste. “Ultimately how efficient you are in taking in oxygen and using it will allow you to do something as intense as stairs for longer. His rec: “Go fast up one flight, slow up the next. Or take two steps at a time, and then just one step on each leg after that.” You can even hop on a stationary bike to help you prepare to conquer that climb, adds Holder. “Go as hard as you can for 6 seconds on a bike, slowing down for 20 seconds. This will get you used to maintaining that constant power output while still increasing your volume of work. It will also help you acclimate to repeated short little bursts of energy while at the same time not totally resting, but going into a little bit of a lower intensity.”

RELATED: This Is the Best HIIT Workout, According to Science

Strengthen your stems

“It is important to decipher whether your lungs are getting tired first, or if it’s a situation where your legs are just beat,” notes Holder. If it’s the latter, you need to shore up your lower body ASAP. Here’s why: “You’re essentially doing repetition after repetition of single-leg body weight squats. You’re only going up, but it’s all of your body weight on one leg,” says Baptiste of the movement, which not only involves multiple muscles, but also requires triple extension (moves that involve the hip, knee, and ankle). To power up your legs, try these three moves from Baptiste:

Step ups

Why: To build strength and endurance

How to do it: Holding a 15-pound dumbbell in each hand, step up onto a low bench or stair with your right foot, then bring up your left foot, until you are fully standing. Step back down, right foot first. Do 3-4 sets of 10-15 reps per leg. Tip: If you can get through these reps fairly easily, up the weight. Too tough? Go lighter.


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Why: To increase lower body muscular endurance

How to do it: Stand with feet shoulder-width apart, chest high, abs drawn in and hands clasped in front of chest or straight out with palms down. Sit nice and deep, bringing hips to just below parallel. Push into heels to rise to standing. Do 3-4 sets of intervals lasting 30-45 seconds. (Watch this video to see how to do a squat.)

Toe taps

Why: To develop your cardiovascular endurance

How to do it: Stand with a ball (medicine, soccer, or rubber playground ball) or a low box in front of you; tap your right toe on the ball or box. Jump up as you switch feet in the air, landing with the left toe on the ball or box. Continue alternating feet as fast as you can. Try it Tabata style: Perform 4 sets of 20 seconds of work and 10 seconds of rest. This is one round; do 2-3.

Fatigue as a symptom of underlying conditions

So what are some common questions you may hear your doctor ask that gives clues to the underlying causes of fatigue? The first set of questions may lead to some frequently seen causes of fatigue:

  • Are you possibly pregnant?
  • Have you started a new exercise or diet program?
  • Any recent work changes like extended hours or night shifts?
  • Any new stress (death of a family member, teenager rebellion, work pressures, divorce, financial problems)?
  • Are you taking any new medications?
  • Do you get tired at certain times (during or after your period, after interactions with a certain person, or after taking medicine)?
  • Any use of illegal or un-prescribed drugs, herbal products or other supplements?

The answers can give the patient and their doctor some insight into three major categories of problems that can have fatigue as a symptom:

  1. sleep problems,
  2. mental health, and
  3. medications.

In addition, such questions can provide insight about short-term normal fatigue such as bereavement, exercise, or changes in normal activity.

Testing and further diagnosis for fatigue

The other types of questions are a bit harder for both the patient and the doctor to use as clues because if the patient responds positively, often the physician will be need some additional testing done (possibly by other doctors or tests with results that will not be immediately available to your physician) to uncover or clarify an answer. If you have a primary physician, that doctor should already have most of these questions partly or fully answered. However, the primary care doctor may not have these answers if you see multiple physicians, have not seen you doctor “…in quite a while…” or you are seeing a physician for the first appointment. Examples of such questions include:

  • Did the fatigue develop gradually or quickly?
  • Do you have a history of diabetes, thyroid or other medical problems in your family?
  • Have you had a recent illness (for example, the flu, mononucleosis, “viral” illness)?
  • Have you traveled outside of the U.S.?
  • What is your current medical history (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , congestive heart failure or coronary artery disease )?
  • What is your surgical history (neck, kidney, liver)?
  • What are the current medications you take, their dose and frequency?
  • Have you had any medical tests performed recently and what were the results?

Answers to these questions can lead to clues and further tests for underlying causes of fatigue that stem from:

These diseases listed between parentheses are only a few examples of the major categories of diseases and other fatigue problems that can stem from underlying diseases such as cancer, autoimmune diseases, and even therapy such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy.


What characterizes fibromyalgia? See Answer

If You Are Too Tired to Think, Walk Up Stairs

If you are feeling too tired to concentrate, try walking up stairs. Even though it seems paradoxical, scientists have found that climbing up stairs can overcome fatigue.

How Does Walking Up Stairs Affect Your Energy Level?

Researchers at the University of Georgia compared stair climbing to 50 mg of caffeine. That is about how much caffeine you find in a can of soda; people frequently drink soda to combat fatigue.

The study volunteers were 18 college women who were chronically sleep deprived. They took either caffeine or placebo in pill form. Then they answered questions about their feelings of alertness or fatigue.

Climbing Stairs Was More Energizing Than Caffeine:

When the subjects spent 10 minutes walking up and down stairs, the young women experienced an improvement in energy that was greater than that produced by 50 mg of caffeine.

Randolph & O’Connor, Physiology & Behavior, online, March 14, 2017

Ideally, of course, these students would find ways to get more sleep. That would be the best way to counteract their fatigue. People can’t always sleep more, though, whether because they don’t have enough time or because they have insomnia. If you have trouble falling asleep, you may be interested in our Guide to Getting a Good Night’s Sleep.

Walking up the stairs

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