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Which Of These Terms Is Synonymous With Organic Shapes

art study guide by lilkarry includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. no these are not synonymous terms. What is some names of organic shapes? Organic shapes are shapes with a natural look and a flowing and curving appearance. For this reason, they are often. Synonyms for organic at meteretiru.tk with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for organic. Notice: Undefined index: length_seconds in /var/www/html/belayar_wall/application/core/meteretiru.tk on line 0. meteretiru.tk-. Art Elements Shape and Form. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Regular shapes are geometric. Irregular shapes are often organic or biomorphic. Volume is a three-dimensional entity with mass. -dimensional work of art representing inanimate objects such as bottles, fruit, and flowers. Also, the arrangement of these objects from which a.

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Asked in Needs a Topic. Needs a Topic. What terms is synonymous with organic shapes? We need you to answer this question! If you know the answer to this question, please register to join our limited beta program and start the conversation right now! Read More. Asked in Example Sentences Can you make a sentence with ‘synonymous’? Breath, air, wind, spirit and ghost were synonymous terms. Asked in Geometry What is some names of organic shapes?

Organic shapes don’t have names.

They are random shapes that you make up. Asked in Chemistry What is a organic shape? Organic shapes are shapes with a natural look and a flowing and curving appearance. Asked in Synonyms and Antonyms Are the terms ‘litigant’ and ‘logographer’ are synonymous? No, they are not synonymous. Asked in Synonyms and Antonyms What is the synonymous of Molar? There are a few terms that can be considered synonymous with the word “Molar”. Some of those terms can include “bicuspid”, “canine”, “cuspid”, and “dent”.

Asked in Ceramics and Pottery What is organic shape?

For this reason, they are often also referred to as curvilinear shapes. Examples of organic shapes include the shapes of leaves, plants, and animals. For more information, please see related link below! Asked in Geometry What is the difference between organic and geometric shapes? An organic shape is flowy, uneven, not symmetrical while geometric shapes are precise.

Asked in Alcoholism Can you be alcohol dependent and not be an alcoholic? The two terms are synonymous. Asked in Geometry What are the 2 type of shapes? The 2 types of shapes are the geometric shapes and the organic shapes.

Geometric shapes are ones that can be described using mathematical formulas. They also have specific math names. Geometric shapes: Circle, Square, Rectangle, Triangle, etc. Organic shapes are irregular and uneven.

Detritovore is synonymous with saprovore. Both mean an organism that feeds off of or consumes dead plant and organic matter.

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  • The two terms are NOT synonymous. Asked in English Spelling and Pronunciation How do you spell sofa or coach?

    The synonymous terms are sofa and couch. Asked in The Difference Between What is the difference between an airplane and an aircraft? Those terms are synonymous. Asked in Volcanoes How many different shapes are there? There are many geometric shapes but if you count the organic ones there is billons. Asked in Cancer Is there a difference between anal cancer and rectal cancer? These terms are synonymous.

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    Shapes that come from nature and do not look man made. Like flowers and flowing lines. Asked in Paul Gauguin What type of shapes did Gauguin use most often?

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    Brigham Young University—Idaho

    A

    Abstract| A spectrum of simplification in comparison to a representational image. Objects can be slightly simplified (mostly representational), or extremely simplified (nearly unrecognizable), or anywhere in-between the two extremes.

    Achromatic Value | Values that are created by using only blacks, whites, and greys. “A” + ”chroma” = no color.

    Actual Lines | Drawn, painted, printed etc. lines which describe actual contours, shapes, forms, and spaces. (as opposed to “implied lines” – see below)

    Additive Color | Color that is created by mixing together the light of two or more different colors to create other colors.
    (From Wikipedia:) Computer monitors and televisions are the most common examples of additive color. Examination with a sufficiently powerful magnifying lens will reveal that each pixel in CRT, LCD and most other types of color video displays is composed of red, green and blue sub-pixels, the light from which combines in various proportions to produce all the other colors as well as white and shades of gray. The colored sub-pixels do not overlap on the screen, but when viewed from a normal distance they overlap and blend on the eye’s retina, producing the same result as external superimposition.

    Aerial (Atmospheric) Perspective | The influence of earth’s atmosphere and atmospheric conditions to influence our perception of objects in the distance. As objects get farther from the viewer (and closer to the horizon) they usually appear lighter in value, less detailed (softer edges), cooler in temperature, and exhibit lower value contrast.

    Alignment | A principle of design comprised of lining up the top, bottom, sides, or middle of two or more elements on the page, canvas, wall, etc.. Note the alignment of windows vertically and horizontally in the building below.

    Axis | A straight line that evenly divides the major and minor space divisions of ellipses.

    B

    Background | The area farthest from the viewer in a piece of art that depicts depth, or the space/value behind the dominant shapes as in graphic design. .

    Balance | A visual sensation that the art is equally weighted compositionally. It can be achieved using the placement and amounts of value, shape, line, texture, and color.

    Bleed | The extension of artwork that is beyond the actual dimensions of the piece. Used to avoid white showing on the edges of the print should it be misaligned when cut to size.

    Broken Line | Line composed of actual line combined with implied line (see actual line definition above and implied line definition below). A dashed line is a type of broken line.

    C

    Calligraphic Line | Lines which fluctuate in thickness.

    Cast Shadow | The shadow that extends from the core of objects onto other surfaces.

    Center Line | A line dividing an object equally through its center.

    Center of Interest | The most dominant part of a piece of artwork, where the eye is drawn to first. Often referred to as “Main Focal Point” as well.

    Chiaroscuro | Usage of strong contrast between light and dark. This style became a popular one during the Renaissance.

    Chromatic Value Scale | A range of color values, usually organized from dark to light or vise-versa.

    Color | The visual spectrum of light—red, yellow, blue, green, orange, etc.

    Color Scheme – Monochromatic | A color scheme limited to variations of one color or hue, with all of that color’s tints and shades (values), ranges of temperature, and ranges of saturation or chroma. (Also includes black, white, and greys).

    Color Scheme – Analogous | A color scheme that uses colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel.

    Color Scheme – Complementary | A color scheme that is based on two colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. Note that the word is Complementary – not Complimentary. These two colors complete each other.

    Color Scheme – Split-Complementary | A color scheme based on one color and the two colors that are adjacent to the first color’s complement.

    Color Scheme – Triad | A color scheme based on three colors equally spaced around the color wheel.

    Composition | The terms “composition” and “design” are sometimes used synonymously. Composition generally refers to the pictorial arrangements of the elements of design in a piece

    Cone of Vision | People have an approximate 60 degree angle of undistorted vision that extends as an imaginary cone from their eyes forward. Outside of the 60 degree angle, objects begin to be distorted. In linear perspective, it is indicated with a 60 degree angle beginning at the station point.

    Concept | The idea for the creation of a piece of art. Concept involves thinking beyond the size, position, angle, value, texture, etc., of the object.

    Construction Drawings | Line artwork that shows the process of drawing objects as if they were transparent

    Construction Lines | Lightly drawn lines that are used to develop the proportion, perspective, and shape of objects and compositions.

    Content | Is the artist’s intended meaning or message contained and communicated within a work of art other than its physical tangible properties, e.g. paint strokes. It includes emotional, intellectual, symbolic, thematic, and narrative connotations.

    Continuity | A phenomenon which refers to the pattern by which the eye should travel through an image. A composition contains continuity if the eye led off the page, but instead is allowed to travel around in the image.

    Contour Line | Lines which travel along contours or objects in an image, creating the illusion of dimension.

    Contrast | Comparison of variations of line, shape, value, texture, and color.

    Convergence | The illusion of parallel lines that appear to come together in the distance. The points at which they appear to converge are the vanishing points.

    Core “Edge” Shadow | The dark “area of light” on an object that begins where the halftone/direct light ends. A core edge and core shadow are the same things, the edge just refers to an abrupt plane change of the object as on a cube, rather than a gradual edge as on a ball.

    Core Shadow | The dark “area of light” on an object that begins where the halftone/direct light ends. On rounded objects it is soft-edged and appears as a band. On right-angled objects it is hard-edged and flat. The shadow marked by “C” represents the core shadow.

    Cross-Contour | Drawing technique that uses lines across the contour of a form to create the illusion of dimension. Lines can cross vertically, horizontally, or both.

    Cross-hatching | A technique of shading which uses closely spaced parallel lines to create value and effects. Artists use this technique, varying the length, angle, and closeness of the lines to create various effects.

    Curvilinear | An “organic” shape formed or characterized by curving lines or edges.

    D

    Depth | In Art, depth is the illusion of distance from foreground toward the background.

    Design | The terms “design” and “composition” are sometimes used synonymously. Except in the definition of “graphic design,” the term “design” refers generally to the planning/conceptual intent more than the arrangement of shapes, values, line, etc. (Elements of design.)

    Diagonal Line | A line which diagonally bisects the horizontal plane of vision. Diagonals are used in art to simulate motion or create emphasis.

    Diminution | The visual effect that objects appear to become smaller in the distance.

    Direct Light | Lighting in which the greater part of the light comes directly from the light source to the area lit. An object in direct light will have a “light side”, and a “shadow side”. The left side of the eggs below are in direct light.

    Dominance | When one of the elements of design (e.g. shape, color), is used in a composition more than any of the others. Do not confuse dominance with focal point.

    Dry Media | Graphite, charcoal, pastel, etc., used to draw.

    Dynamic | Description of a composition, etc. that moves the eye rather quickly through the composition, usually using curved or diagonal lines. This technique is often used to strive for an exciting or energetic feeling to the artwork.

    E

    Edges-Soft | Gently drawn marks that are less focused as compared to marks or edges that are sharper focused.

    Edges-Hard | Marks that are drawn in sharper focus as compared to marks or edges that are less focused.

    Ellipse | An ellipse is a perfect circle that has been foreshortened into perspective. The space above and below the major axis is always equal.

    Eye Level | Eye level is the actual height at which the viewer’s eyes are when looking at an object, an interior scene, or an exterior scene. It is also a reference line, in linear perspective, that extends parallel (left to right) within a format.

    F

    Five-Value Scale | A scale of values evenly stepped from white to black.

    Floor Plan | Overhead, “bird’s eye view,” diagram used to show placement of shapes/objects—generally of interiors of buildings.

    Focal Point | Focal points are visual area(s) that are of the greatest emphasis in the composition. They are created using variations of the elements of design. The focal point is usually the first thing your eyes are drawn to in a picture.

    Foreshortening | Foreshortening of an object occurs visually when it rotates or turns from the viewer. The result causes its length to appear shorter than it actually is. The illusion of foreshortening can be re-created on a two-dimensional surface by using the principles of linear perspective.

    Form | The use of the Elements and Principles of Design as well as the physical tangible properties of the art (e.g. thickness of paint, paint strokes, proportion, format, etc.).

    Format | The measureable height and width of a drawing, illustration, painting, photograph, graphic design, in 2-dimensional art.

    Frisket | A masking paper or a film that is placed on top of a drawing to shield selective areas from receiving unwanted value during the drawing process.

    G

    Gesture | Lines that imply the suggestion of movement, especially of human or animal forms.

    Geometric Shapes | “Geometric shapes” refers to shapes that are two dimensional in nature (e.g. circles, squares, ovals, logos, symbols, etc.) as in graphic design. Also, man-made objects such as cylinders, cones, cubes, boxes, or combinations of these. The opposite of geometric shapes are organic shapes.

    Gradation | Incremental steps when going from light to dark, neutral to intense, warm to cool, rough to smooth, etc.

    Ground Measuring Line | A linear perspective term. It is used to measure foreshortened length (true length) coupled with the vanishing points and measuring points.

    H

    Half Tone | The total area of an object, surface plane, etc. that is illuminated by the dominant light source.

    Harmony | When all individual parts of an artwork, ie: elements, principles, objects, colors, values, etc., work together to make a better whole, the result is said to be in artistic “harmony”.

    Hierarchy | The act of placing items in a hierarchy, ie: tallest to shortest, oldest to youngest, etc.. Effective designers determine the importance of every specific element in a composition, etc. from most important to least important, then give the viewer visual cues to communicate that hierarchy and to create dominance and subordination.

    High Definition | Images that are characterized by a high level of detail, sharpness, and clarity. (I don’t use this term – leftover from Lana(?). Do we keep?) TT

    High-Key | When a piece of artwork is created using predominantly lighter values (can be achromatic or chromatic) it is considered a high-keyed composition. High-key compositions can create a “softer”, “lighter”, or more “peaceful” feeling (but this is not an absolute rule).

    Highlight | The brightest area of light on an object. It is always within the halftone. Area “A” in the picture below.

    Horizon Line | Horizon line refers to a physical/visual boundary where the sky and the land are separated. The term “horizon line” generally refers to drawings that are outdoors. It is sometimes used synonymously with the term “eye level.”

    Horizontal | All lines or edges that are parallel to the top or bottom of a two dimensional rectangular format, and/or parallel to the viewer’s eye level.

    Hue | Synonym of Color – usually inferring the base or actual color without adding black or white.

    I

    Implied Lines | A line that is suggested or implied rather than actually drawn/painted, etc.. The viewer’s brain connects or completes the shape rather than an actual line doing so.

    Isolation | A separating segregation by contrasting values, patterns, size, color, texture, subject matter, negative shapes, etc.

    J

    K

    L

    Lift-out Method | A drawing technique used to create the half-tone and highlights by erasing.

    Light and Shadow | A term in art referring to the “Areas of Light,” e.g. highlight, halftone, core, reflected light, cast shadow, reflected cast shadow, mirror image, and atmospheric light.

    Light | The term “light” can have several different meanings, ie: gospel meanings, secular meanings, etc.. As an artistic term, light follows certain universal rules (for example, it normally can’t bend around a corner without a mirror or other aid). The human eye and brain, through constant exposure since birth, has learned to translate these light and shadow patterns into three-dimensional form. Photographs capture these patterns, which is why photographs appear “realistic”. Artists who are capable of replicating these light and shadow patterns are able to create the illusion of 3-dimensional objects on a 2-dimensional surface (paper, canvas, etc.)

    Light Bands |

    Line of Sight | An imaginary reference line that extends straight forward, perpendicular to the viewer’s eyes. It is whereever the viewer is looking.

    Line | One of the five elements of design.

    Line Quality | A term referring to the visual attributes of a line (hard/soft, curved/straight, thick/thin, dark/light, etc.).

    Linear Perspective | A principle in two-dimensional art used to create the illusion of three dimensions / volume and depth. It is based on how we visually perceive the world.

    Local Color | A term referring to the actual color/hue of all things (red, green, orange, blue, yellow, etc.).

    Local Color Value | A term referring to the inherent value of all things due to its color or hue. As an example, the local color value of blue is darker than the local color value of yellow.

    Lost and Found | A term used to describe an element which “stops” and then “starts again” elsewhere on the page. The viewer’s eye (brain) fills in the empty space, connecting the imaginary or implied lines.

    Low Definition | Images that are not sharply defined through the lack of fine detail. (I don’t use this term – leftover from Lana. Do we keep?) TT

    Low-Key Value | When a piece of artwork is created using predominantly darker values (can be achromatic or chromatic) it is considered a low-keyed composition. Low-key compositions can create a “darker”, “ominous”, or more “dramatic” feeling (but this is not an absolute rule).

    M

    Mass |

    Measuring Point | A linear perspective term used to measure foreshortened length coupled with the vanishing points and the ground measuring line. It is always located on the eye level.

    Mirror Image | The name given to an “Area of Light” for images that are projected onto a reflective surface.

    N

    Non-representational | Shapes that are not intended to be recognized as representing any real object.

    Negative Space | The subordinate space surrounding dominant shapes within a format.

    O

    One Point Perspective | A work of art in which all parallel lines converge at a single vanishing point creating the illusion of three-dimensional space and depth on a two dimensional surface. The vertical and horizontal lines are parallel to the vertical and horizontal sides of the picture plane/format, and the vanishing point is on the eye level.

    Organic Shapes | Generally natural objects, such as plants and animals. Organic shapes have lines that are usually free and irregular. The opposite of organic shapes are geometric shapes.

    Overlapping | A technique that places one object in front of the other, in two-dimensional art, used to create an illusion of depth.

    P

    Paper Stump | A commercial drawing tool composed of tighly rolled paper with the appearance of a pencil. It is used to blend/smooth dry media, i.e. charcoal, graphite, pastel.

    Parallel | Lines, shapes, or edges that are always the same distance apart and yet appear to converge to a common point, i.e. a vanishing point.

    Pattern | Regular repetition of an element or elements in a piece of art.

    Perspective | A set of universally applied drawing principles that are used to create the illusion of three-dimensional volume and depth onto a two-dimensional surface.

    Picture Plane/Format | The working space within which a two-dimensional painting, drawing, illustration, photograph, design, etc. is created.

    Pitch | The degree of inclination or angle of a plane. The greater the pitch, the narrower the visible area.

    Plane | A flat, two-dimensional surface that can extend vertically and horizontally in any direction. For example, a cube has six equal planes that are either parallel or intersect/meet each other.

    Plumb Line | Horizontal or vertical lines used to determine size, position, and angle of objects.

    Positive Shapes | The dominant areas within a work of art. They are usually three-dimensional objects in two-dimensional art.

    Principles of Design | How one applies the “elements of design” to create art. Some principles of design include: balance, harmony, repetition, unity, contrast, variety, dominance, focal point, etc.

    Proportion | The relationship/ratios of sizes, positions, and angles of one part to another. An object that is drawn in proportion is an accurate reflection of the ratios of the actual object.

    Proximity | The arrangement of shapes that are placed near each other in a format used to create a sense of balance, dominance, focal point, etc.

    Psychic Line | Synonym of Implied Line. The brain creates a “line” that connects one point to another. For example, when pointing to something, the eye travels from the hand to an object as if there were a connecting line.

    Q

    R

    Rectilinear | A “mechanical” shape that is formed by using only straight lines.

    Reference Point | A linear perspective term, used to assist in transfer of scale.

    Reflected Cast Shadow | An “Area of Light” of the cast shadow which is reflected back onto the shadow side of the object.

    Reflected Light | An “Area of Light” on the shadow side of an object, illuminated by light bouncing onto it from an adjacent halftone. The reflected light is essential to identify the core shadow.

    Repetition | Is a principle of design that repeats elements (line, value, texture, shape, color) to create unity.

    Representational | Artworks which depict (replicate) recognizable, visual objects within the physical world, such as people, places, and things.

    Rhythm | A “principle of design” which uses regularity within an image, such as pattern, to create the illusion of movement.

    Rule of Thirds | A general guideline used in the arrangement of focal points within a composition.

    S

    Saturation | The measurable pureness or full strength of a color in comparison to a grayed version of it. Synonym of Chroma. See the saturated (outside) to unsaturated (inside) example below.

    Shades | A new color that is created by mixing black into an existing color, which makes it darker and less saturated. The opposite of a shade is a tint.

    Shape | An “element of design” which is a two dimensionally enclosed area. They can be either geometric, organic, or a combination of both.

    Skyline | A term describing where the sky meets the mountain, building, tree top, etc.

    Space | An “element of design” in three-dimensional art only, i.e. sculpture, ceramics. Two-dimensional art creates an illusion of space by effectively using the elements and principles of design.

    Spider Method | A quick way to create perspective angles in a 2 point drawing. The perspective angles visually appear like spider webs.

    Space | An “element of design” in three-dimensional art only, i.e. sculpture, ceramics. Two-dimensional art creates an illusion of space by effectively using the elements and principles of design.

    Station Point | A linear perspective area that designates the viewer’s or intended viewer’s location, in one, two, and three point perspective. It is always placed at the apex of a 90 degree angle.

    Starburst Method | A quick way to create perspective angles in a 1 point drawing. The perspective angles visually appear like a starburst.

    Still Life | A term referring to an arrangement of 3-dimensional objects of which the artist intends to draw or paint.

    Subordinance | When one or more of the “elements of design” are used in a composition with less emphasis than any of the others.

    Subtractive Color | What we normally think of when combining different colors of pigment, paint, ink, etc.. As colors are combined, they reflect a “new” color back to the viewer’s eye. This is termed “subtractive” because we are subtracting light from the light source.

    Symmetrical | A visual sensation that the art is equally weighted compositionally. It can be achieved using the placement and amounts of value, shape, line, texture, and color.

    T

    Tangents | The alignment of edges of objects in a composition so that they just touch, or nearly touch, each other. This makes the design visually confusing and irritating.

    Temperature | The degree of measurable warmth or coolness of a color in relationship to another color. While we normally think of reds, yellows, and oranges as being warm colors, and blues, greens, and violets as cool colors, temperature is always relative. In other words, whether a color is “warm” or “cool” depends upon the other color(s) we are comparing it to.

    Texture | An “element of design” referring to the illusion of how something feels or how it would look if touched. It is also the use of non-representational lines, values, and colors to add balance to the composition, such as paint strokes, cross-hatch marks, etc.

    Three Dimensional Shape | Pertaining to the length, width, height, and depth of real or imagined objects; the illusion of which can be rendered using linear perspective.

    Tints | A new color that is created by mixing white into an existing color, which makes it lighter and less saturated. The opposite of a tint is a shade.

    Tooth | Refers to the surface texture (smoothness or roughness) of paper, illustration board, canvas, etc.

    Transfer of Scale | The term “scale” in this defintion is synonomous with the term “size” i.e. height and length (including foreshortened length). It is a way to maintain and record the accurate proportion produced by the visual effect of diminution as an object moves above or below the eye level/horizon line, or towards or away from the viewer in a drawing.

    Transfer Paper | A piece of paper used to compare lengths or widths on a drawing. It made by roling up a piece of paper and flattening it.

    True Height | A linear perspective term referring to the reference vertical height of an object, which is subsequently used to transfer its scale (forward or backward) within the format.

    True Length | A linear perspective term referring to the reference horizontal length of an object, which is subsequently used to transfer its scale (forward or backward) within the format.

    Two Point Perspective | A work of art used to create the illusion of 3-dimensional space and depth in which all parallel lines converge at two vanishing points on the horizon or eye level line. Only the vertical lines are parallel to the vertical sides of the picture plane/format.

    Two Dimensional Plane | Flat surface used for creating art, i.e. paper, canvas, etc.

    U

    Unity | The effect when all elements, principles and aspects (form and content) of an image appropriately belong together.

    V

    Value | Referring to the darkness or lightness of an object or an area, whether the object is in color or black and white.

    Vanishing Point | In linear perspective, it is a specifically designated area on the horizon/eye level to which parallel lines converge. VP1 is to the left of the station point/line of sight. VP2 is to the right of the station point/line of sight. VP3 is above or below the horizon line and is at the station point.

    Variety | A “principle of design” in which differences, alterations, changes, and contrasts of line, shape, value, texture, color are shown in artwork.

    Vertical Measuring Line | A linear perspective term coupled with vanishing points used to transfer and measure vertical scale (true height).

    Vertical Line | A line that is angled 90 degrees/perpendicular to the horizon/eye level or format (bottom or top).

    Visual Gravity | The illusion that shapes appear to have been or are being affected by the Law of Gravity within a piece of art.

    Visual Pace | The speed at which the eye moves through the piece of art.

    Visual Weight | An element, or part of a composition, which commands more attention in comparison to other elements, or parts. This is usually achieved using value or color contrast.

    Volume | Leon, remind me of Matt’s analogy about Mass vs. Volume? TT

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    If you stuff your liver and digestive system with a diet of low-grade, low-nutritional-value junk foods and-drinks — like processed foods, sugar, gluten, fats and alcohol — your liver will eventually become toxic as it malfunctions from overwhelm trying to filter out to much bad stuff.

    As a result, toxins will start spreading through your bloodstream, ultimately wreaking havoc on your skin, causing inflammation, acne breakouts and other skin conditions.

    If you want your skin to be healthy and radiant, you must rethink your diet and replace unhealthy foods with superfoods that contain essential vitamins and minerals that your body (in particular your skin) thrives on.

    Breaking Down Terminology

    Holistic

    The term holistic, sometimes referred to as wholistic, is the philosophy and practice of healing that has to do with constantly keeping the whole body (meaning the physical body, the mind and the spirit) at the highest level of total wellness. This concept draws from the universal natural laws that state a whole is made up of the sum of all of its parts and that the parts cannot function properly if the whole is not functioning properly. Conversely, if there is a problem with one of the parts, the entire whole is affected.1

    Pertaining to skin care, this concept implies that one cannot treat the skin as a separate entity from the entire body. The skin (being the largest organ of the body) performs many functions, all of which either work in partnership with or depend upon the functions of the internal vital organs. While many in the industry consider holistic skin care to simply be the practice of using non-invasive treatments and products containing mostly natural and organic ingredients, this is just the tip of the iceberg. The concept of holistic skin care must go deeper than just the skin if sustainable results are to be achieved.
    In holistic skin care, as well as traditional holistic healing modalities such as Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine, a person’s skin is a reflection of his or her inner health. These philosophies, as well as others like homeopathy and naturopathy, state that conditions such as rosacea, acne, seborrhea, eczema, keratosis pilaris, psoriasis, loss of collagen and elastin, et cetera all begin inside of the body, like the digestive tract, or due to other issues like stress. Simply treating the skin itself as a separate unit from the whole might make short-term improvements, but without addressing the cause of the problem, true resolution will never occur. Depending on his or her education, an aesthetician might be able to treat the skin in this way, she might need to draw on the expertise of a certified or licensed nutritionist, TCM/acupuncturist, Ayurvedic, naturopathic or other type of holistic practitioner.
    In terms of skin care products, holistic might refer to topical products or internal supplements termed nutriceuticals. Topical products that claim to be holistic are characterized by containing almost 100 percent natural ingredients such as herbs, plant extracts, phytonutrients and antioxidants, and essential oils. They are often preserved by using ingredients that have fewer associations with toxic reactions than more commonly used and controversial parabens. More holistic preservatives might include specific essential oils, colloidal silver, Geogard® Ultra (a proprietary blend of sodium benzoate and gluconolactone)2, ethylhexylglycerine or potassium sorbate. Internal supplements might include nutrients that are known to benefit the skin, such as collagen, hyaluronic acid and antioxidants such as green tea, grape seed extract, vitamin C, Resveratrol or Pycnogenol®. Ingredients for holistic products, whether topical or internal, aim to be sourced from all-natural, organic, cruelty-free, wildcrafted, sustainably grown/processed, and often vegan origins.
    While this may seem rather straightforward, the truth is that terms organic and all-natural are really quite vague in the skin care industry since there is little to no government regulation on these types of ingredients or products. Other types of products containing active ingredients considered to be over-the-counter drugs might have more government intervention.

    Organic

    The word organic has several definitions since it is used in many different contexts. In chemistry, the term organic describes a class of chemical compounds that formerly comprised only those existing in, or derived from, plants or animals; that now includes all other compounds of carbon.3 If a skin care product contains the ingredients benzene, petrolatum or cetearyl alcohol, it could be considered organic in chemical terms since they are derived from carbon-containing substances.
    In medicine, the word may include anything pertaining to an organ or the organs of an animal, plant, fungus or living tissue.3 When applied to skin care, this definition might be used to describe ingredients like human-derived growth factors, which are cultured from the living tissue of human beings. Although these examples could be considered organic in some way, they are ingredients that are commonly avoided by aestheticians and consumers wishing to use organic, natural and holistic products.
    The word organic is a labeling term that indicates that the food or other agricultural product has been produced through approved methods that integrate cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation and genetic engineering may not be used.4 Farms and food companies wishing to use the green USDA Organic seal on their products must undergo specific procedures, tests and inspections in order to make sure that their products meet the USDA National Organic Program’s standards.5 There are several other organic certifying organizations around the world that certify foods, herbs and other plants as organic, including EcoCert, OneCert, The Oregon Tilth and the Global Organic Alliance.
    One might ask what this has to do with skin care. It is important to understand that these organic certifications only pertain to a food or plant in its whole form – not its extract, concentrate, essential oil, et cetera. Once the ingredient has changed from a whole food or plant to a topical skin care or nutriceutical product, it can no longer be considered organic. It is rare to look at a product label and see the words apple, lemon, sugar beet, rooster, cow, grapes or lavender. Instead, you would likely see the end product form of the ingredients which might be listed as apple (Malus domestica) stem cells, vitamin C or citric acid (both can be derived from lemons), hyaluronic acid (can be synthesized from sugar beets or derived from rooster combs), Types I and III collagen (derived from cows), Resveratrol (antioxidant derived from grape skins) or lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) essential oil.

    Natural

    Unlike organic products, the FDA and USDA do not have any standards or requirements for labeling products as natural or all natural. The FDA defines natural ingredients as ingredients derived from natural sources (for example, soybeans and corn provide lecithin to maintain product consistency; beets provide beet powder used as food coloring). Some ingredients found in nature can be manufactured artificially and produced more economically with greater purity and more consistent quality than their natural counterparts. For example, vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, may be derived from an orange or produced in a laboratory.7 Clearly, the latter would not be considered natural to a holistically-minded consumer; however, there are no laws requiring manufacturers to differentiate between natural sources versus bio-identical laboratory synthesis of natural ingredients.
    This is where things get vague for both manufacturers and consumers alike. Unfortunately, deceptive practices tend to occur because less than one percent of all ingredients listed as natural actually are. The definition of natural, just like the definition of organic, can be used in different contexts where an ingredient might be considered natural in the sense that it was derived from a whole natural ingredient, but in truth, the ingredient itself has gone through so much processing that its end structure bears no resemblance to the whole food or plant from which it was derived. An example of this is sodium laureth sulfate. According to the Environmental Working Group’s Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database, this ingredient is considered to be an irritant to the skin and has been linked to contamination and organ toxicity.8 Clearly, this is an ingredient that a holistically-minded practitioner or consumer would avoid. However, it can be manufactured from coconut oil, allowing it to technically be considered natural.

    Natural Versus Scientifically Altered

    Are natural ingredients that have been scientifically altered still considered to be holistic? This question does not necessarily have a correct answer, since the terms natural and holistic have different meanings in different contexts. Holistic purists typically do not want any products that contain ingredients that have been altered from their original state, though most are unaware of how few ingredients actually meet those criteria. If they are aware, they often choose to make their own products, using raw whole foods based on traditional home remedies. On the other hand, more progressive holistic enthusiasts recognize the benefits of scientific enhancements of natural ingredients.
    It is important that aestheticians and consumers understand the difference between applying plants, raw fruits or other food products directly to the skin with applying a skin care product containing an extract, essential oil, antioxidant, peptide, exfoliant or other active ingredient derived from that food. Consider the following: lactic acid is a gentle alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that is derived from a whole food – milk. Milk has a long history of being beneficial to the skin with consistent use. For example, milk baths have been used for thousands of years to smooth and hydrate the skin. We now know that the reason it works is because it contains lactic acid. Science has given us lactic acid as an isolated ingredient and its hydrating and mildly exfoliating effects can be seen with as little as one treatment.
    It is a fact that certain ingredients (whole foods and chemicals alike) are known to cause skin irritation and allergies. Some people are intolerant to the sugar in milk (lactose), or are allergic to the protein it contains (casein). While using it topically may be less likely to cause a reaction than ingesting it, its original state may still cause some sort of reaction since some of it will likely be absorbed through the skin. However, science has the ability to remove the lactose and casein in the chirally correct ingredient l-lactic acid. In a correct formulation, one can benefit from the positive aspects of the ingredient without experiencing the likely negative reactions from the whole food ingredient. Furthermore, l-lactic acid is more stable on its own than whole milk which would quickly spoil.
    Depending on how the consumer personally defines holistic, 1-lactic acid may or may not be considered a holistic ingredient. It is important to explain the difference to clients, but also be mindful that they may not consider a product containing l-lactic acid to be natural or holistic.

    Regulation and Labeling

    Are cosmeceuticals and nutriceuticals really more effective? When selecting products for professional use or as part of a home care regimen, efficacy is certainly one of the most important criteria to consider. The terms cosmeceutical and nutriceutical sound great to consumers since the suffix ceutical sounds more authoritative and legitimate than the term professional-strength. So what are they?
    A cosmeceutical is simply a topical skin care product that claims to have a targeted, therapeutic effect on the skin. It is a hybrid of the word cosmetic, a product that aims to increase the beauty of or improve the overall appearance of the skin. The word pharmaceutical refers to a drug that actually affects the structure (anatomy and histology) and function (physiology) of the skin and is intended to diagnose, treat or prevent a specific disease or condition. The FDA recognizes the terms cosmetic and pharmaceutical and regulates both under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act, albeit very differently. One product may be considered both a cosmetic and a drug; however, the FDA does not use or consider cosmeceutical as a valid term.
    Similarly, nutriceutical, a hybrid of the terms nutrition and pharmaceutical, refers to an internal supplement which claims to have a therapeutic effect on the body in part or as a whole. Like the word cosmeceutical, the word nutriceutical has no meaning in United States law or regulation. The FDA considers a substance to be either a food (including dietary supplements and food ingredients) or a drug (including pharmaceutical and over-the-counter drugs). A product may be considered both, but the FDA does not consider nutriceutical a valid term.
    Drugs such as benzoyl peroxide or citric acid, both topical products and internal supplements, may contain active ingredients that are regulated. Cosmetics and dietary supplements do not require FDA approval and manufacturers must be careful how they word their packaging, labeling and marketing to make sure that no drug-like claims are made. However, most companies get around this by adding the following disclaimer: “These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”
    Drugs, on the other hand, must generally receive premarket approval by FDA through the New Drug Application (NDA) process or conform to a monograph for a particular drug category, as established by FDA’s Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drug Review.9 If a product, topical or internal, contains an FDA-approved drug ingredient, the product must contain a Drug Facts box, listing the approved drug ingredient, with its percentage as an active ingredient, preceding any other ingredients. Non-drug ingredients may be listed as Other Ingredients or Supplement Facts.
    The only other ingredients that are not drugs which require FDA regulation and specific labeling are color additives. Soaps are not regulated by the FDA, but are regulated by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Note that, due to potential photosensitivity issues, there are specific labeling considerations for any topical product that contains AHAs. While not mandatory, the FDA encourages manufacturers to use the following statement in products that contain AHAs. Sunburn Alert: This product contains an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that may increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun and particularly the possibility of sunburn. Use a sunscreen, wear protective clothing, and limit sun exposure while using this product and for a week afterwards.10
    While a product may contain both drug and cosmetic or food ingredients, the words cosmeceutical and nutriceutical are terms that only have meaning in marketing – not in regulation. While some of these products may contain ingredients that show improvement or affect changes in the skin or the body, companies are not required to actually substantiate these claims. They are only required to prove that the product meets the FDA’s safety requirements.

    Beyond Labels

    What happens once the product is opened? Though a product’s safety must be verified before it is released into the market, there is little control over its safety and/or stability once it is opened. This is an issue that is typically handled by the addition of preservatives to a formulation, but remember that the use of preservatives is kept to the absolute minimum in most products that are considered natural, organic or holistic.
    The purpose of adding preservatives to a product is to inhibit oxidation and prevent chemical changes that happen due to exposure to air, moisture, contamination from use, or just time itself, causing the product to become desirable to microorganisms. Even so, every product has a shelf life.
    Nationally advertised commercial products are mass produced in huge quantities and might sit in warehouses and stockrooms for months, or even years, before they hit the shelves of retail stores. These products often contain greater quantities and concentrations of preservatives. Holistic, natural, or organic products must contain a preservative – the amount and strength, however, depends on the batch sizes. Most holistic products are produced in smaller batches, using fewer and lower-strength preservatives, assuming that the products will not sit in storage as long and will be consumed faster. While a commercial product might have a shelf life of three years, a holistic product might have a shelf life of 18 months. This is why expiration dates are essential, especially for natural or holistic products.
    Often, expiration dates are printed or stamped onto the product’s tube or container; however, this is not yet required by the FDA, so not every product will show an expiration date. It is also important for manufacturers to differentiate whether their expiration dates are from the date of manufacture or if they begin once the product is opened.

    “I highly recommend that aestheticians, spa owners and consumers do not purchase a product simply based on the use of the terms cosmeceutical or nutriceutical. It is more important to gain accurate information about the sources and formulation of the ingredients, manufacturing practices, and third-party research that might demonstrate results on real people.”

    Even the most preserved product will eventually go bad, meaning it will start to break down on its own and will become the residence of bacteria, fungi and viruses. Liquid or cream products in jars are constantly exposed to air and moisture by being opened and closed often, as well as those which contain wands or applicators like mascara or lip glosses, which are most susceptible to contamination and degradation. Proper usage, storage and replacement every three months are necessary.
    It is equally important that aestheticians educate their clients about expiration dates and product shelf life. No client, holistically-minded or otherwise, wants to contract an infection from using a contaminated or spoiled product. Expired or spoiled cosmetic products can cause bacterial infections of the skin such as acne, contagious viral infections like herpes simplex 2 (cold sores) and impetigo, viral or bacterial conjunctivitis (pink eye), and irritant reactions like contact dermatitis. If the contaminant enters into the bloodstream through a weakened area of the skin’s barrier, more serious infections like staph can occur either locally in the form of a cyst or boil, or systemically like MRSA.11
    Travel and sample sizes are less likely to include expiration dates, so it is important to take as much care when storing and using them as you would with full-sized products, especially ones that are not packaged in single-use packets. Many people tend to use travel and sample-sized products sporadically. Small bottles of cleansers, toners, serums and moisturizers are often opened for use during a weekend getaway and not discarded if product remains. Instead, they remain packed with other travel essentials for use on a future getaway. Often, the product spoils before its next use, so it is a wise idea to inform clients to discard any unused product, in a travel-sized container, if it is not going to be used again for a while.
    The widespread growth of the holistic, natural and organic skin care industry has caused many wonderful opportunities for new products, treatments and services for spas, as well as for consumers. However, due to the fact that definitions, standards, regulations and legislation are still vague, opportunities for dishonesty and poor business practices have also grown.

    “Whether you are a spa owner or aesthetician looking to incorporate holistic, natural or organic products and treatments, it is important to look beyond the packaging and marketing campaigns and really research the manufacturer’s philosophy, the product ingredients, how they are sourced, the product formulation, what safety and quality testing measures they take, and how transparent they are with providing documentation in order to fully understand what you are buying.”

    1 Pontillo, Rachael. “Holistic, Naturopathic, Homeopathic, Alternative…What Does It All Mean?” Holistically Haute with Rachael Pontillo. Holistically Haute, LLC, 30 Mar. 2011. Web. 29 July 2013.
    2 “Geogard™ Ultra.” Lonza SPS Store. Lonza SPS Store, n.d. Web. 29 July 2013.
    3 “Organic.” Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 29 July 2013.
    4 “National Organic Program.” Agricultural Marketing Service – National Organic Program. The United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Service, 5 June 2013. Web. 29 July 2013.
    5 “ECFR — Code of Federal Regulations.” ECFR — Code of Federal Regulations. GPO U.S. Government Printing Office, 25 July 2013. Web. 29 July 2013.
    6 “National Organic Program: Understanding Organic Labeling.” United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Marketing Service. USDA, 5 Feb. 2010. Web. 29 July 2013.
    7 “Overview of Food Ingredients, Additives & Colors.” U.S. Food & Drug Administration. FDA, Apr. 2010. Web. 29 July 2013.
    8 “SODIUM LAURETH SULFATE.” || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database. Environmental Working Group, n.d. Web. 29 July 2013.
    9 “Is It a Cosmetic, a Drug, or Both? (Or Is It Soap?).” U.S. Food & Drug Administration. FDA, 30 Apr. 2012. Web. 29 July 2013.
    10 “Guidance for Industry: Labeling for Cosmetics Containing Alpha Hydroxy Acids.” U.S. Food & Drug Administration. FDA, 10 Jan. 2005. Web. 29 July 2013.
    11 Pontillo, Rachael. “Even Good Cosmetics Can Go Bad.” Holistically Haute with Rachael Pontillo. Holistically Haute, LLC, 15 Mar. 2011. Web. 29 July 2013.

    Rachael Pontillo is an award willing AADP board certified Holistic Health Practitioner, licensed aesthetician, published author and public speaker. She is the author of the new book Love Your Skin, Love Yourself, and currently works in private practice as a health and image coach. Rachael is the founder and author of the popular website and blog Holistically Haute™ and is also a featured writer in several leading health and beauty publications. Pontillo also holds a position as skin care expert and speaker for NeoCell™.

    Natural Beauty VS Cosmetic “Beauty”

    Almost every teenage girl and adult women wear makeup. Why? Because society has high standards for women now. They have set the standards so high that us women think we need makeup to look beautiful. The answer is no. I follow multiple accounts on social media that involve makeup artists. Some of them transform women into looking real and some just look fake.

    If you cannot identify a person without them having makeup on because you have only seen them with makeup on, then that’s a problem. You should look easily recognizable with or without makeup. If someone has to question that, then you should probably tone it down a little bit. Just trying to help a sister out.

    Newsflash ladies, REAL men do NOT like women who wear a lot of makeup. It is a proven fact. If your man likes you better with makeup, then you are not worth his time. A man will love you and think that you are beautiful no matter how you look. We do not need to put 10 pounds of makeup on to make them or anyone else happy.

    I am not saying that women shouldn’t wear makeup at all. It is clear that I wear makeup quite a bit, but not every day. All I am saying is that we speak out and make a difference. Show people, men and women, that we don’t need makeup to look or feel beautiful. Prove society wrong.

    Just think of your daughters or future daughters. Do you want them to be around a society where they think they need to look like a Barbie doll to be loved by people? I sure as hell don’t. I want my daughter to be around a loving and accepting society. A society where it is okay to be different and that it is okay to not wear makeup every day.

    It is going to be hard for your daughters to go through this. When I was in High School, I never went a day without wearing makeup. Why? Because I was already picked on and bullied enough to the point where I did not feel comfortable not wearing it. I was already struggling enough to where I thought I would get picked on or bullied more. It wasn’t until I went to college that I realized this and that I felt comfortable going out in public not wearing makeup.

    It is cruel to see how society can be negatively life changing for teens. People wonder why so many of us have self-esteem issues and don’t think we are good enough. Makeup is a big factor of why we feel this way.

    We need to be comfortable in our own skin. We do not need to completely change our look with makeup. Over half of the makeup tutorials out there make you and other people look fake.

    So why try to be someone you’re not?

    Why try to live up to society when you can just be your own person?

    Be different and do not care what other people think of you. It makes the life you’re living 100 times easier.

    -Kate Huber

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    Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.

    When comparing between natural beauty and artificial beauty, one must first ask himself, “What is beauty?” According to the Little Oxford English Dictionary, beauty is described simply as ‘the quality of being very pleasing to the senses’. However, Stendhal, a nineteenth century writer states that “beauty is the promise of happiness”. Perhaps this is the reason then that human beings, mainly women, are pressured in looking beautiful all the time. This is because beauty happens to be the most gratifying quality of feature for women. The effect it has made on women is astonishing.

    Beauty begins with confidence. Confidence begins with inner peace. This inner peace influences natural beauty which is all about the body and face given by God. Among women, natural beauty is merely embellished and enhanced by make up. Make up does not alter the original symmetry of the face or body. Hence, when a woman applies make up, she becomes more confident as she is now more comfortable with herself. In this way, women tend to become less self conscious about themselves.

    Artificial beauty occurs when one alters his or her body. It is more commonly known as plastic surgery. Plastic surgery is done to correct a physical abnormality. It can be done to improve both a person’s appearance and ability to function. When plastic surgery is mentioned, our minds automatically picture famous actresses delaying the effects of aging or people who want to change the size of their arms, breasts, noses and so on just because they are discontented with their natural beauty. Little do they know that plastic surgery has both, its advantages and disadvantages.

    For starters, people should discern that there are two types of plastic surgery that is, reconstructive surgery and cosmetic or aesthetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery is generally performed on abnormal structures of the body caused by traumas, diseases, congenital defects and others. On the other hand, cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is to reshape a part of the body which a person is not satisfied with. Common procedures include nose jobs (rhinoplasty), the removal of fat from certain parts of the body (liposuction) and so on. Procedures for both reconstructive and cosmetic surgery can indeed burn a hole in your pocket. However, patients will be pleased to know that most reconstructive surgeries are covered by health insurance. Cosmetic surgeries are not covered by health insurance since it is an elective procedure.

    The question one should pose is “Is plastic surgery really necessary?” Sadly, a direct answer cannot be provided to that question. In my opinion, plastic surgery should only be done when required. This is because not only does it cost a bomb, but why go through all that unnecessary pain and risk by going under the knife? Plastic surgery basics expert Steve Fallek states that for plastic surgery such as an injection of dermal filler such as Restylane or even Botox where it’s a tiny needle, the pain is minimal. For some of our bigger plastic surgery operations, such as breast reduction, tummy tuck or liposuction, obviously the pain level is a bit more.

    If everything goes well, the pain after plastic surgery is done should eventually diminish within a few days. Bed rest is usually recommended by plastic surgeons within two to five days after major cosmetic surgery. This is seen as a downfall especially to those who are working. They would have to take time off from their jobs to recuperate. Patients should always take any prescription as indicated. Pain medication is usually prescribed to take patients through the first few days after surgery. Nevertheless, there could be certain side effects from the prescription. Patients could put their health at further risk if they become allergic either to the prescript drugs or to the cosmetic surgery itself.

    In my opinion, plastic surgery is accepted when the need arises. Reconstructive surgery can be done when a person suffers from cleft lip, a situation where the upper lip and roof of the mouth is affected. Hand defects can also be done by the reconstruction of missing parts by transferring tissue from another area of the body such as the toe-to-hand for a missing finger. Furthermore, reconstructive surgery can also correct blood vessel malformations that affect the arteries, the veins and the lymphatics. In such cases plastic surgery is more of a boon than a bane. Problems such as these ought to be treated as most of it is due to birth defects or injuries whereas cosmetic surgeries are done simply because people are not at ease with their bodies.

    While plastic surgery may seem as a common procedure, there definitely are risks involved. Complications can arise from the use of anaesthetics which can potentially cause brain damage, strokes, heart palpitations as well as paralysis if things go really wrong. There is also necrosis, a condition where the skin cells begin to die. Though a skilled anaesthesiologist can lessen these risks drastically, there is a minute possibility of things going wrong. Connie Biglow, an average woman from Seattle underwent her first surgery for a double mastectomy. She had no choice but to remove her breasts due to breast cancer. She then had implants which led to a further sixteen surgeries. She said “Each time was different. Sometimes it was the left side. Sometimes it was the right side. But I would never heal correctly. It would just look very ugly, very raw.” Doctors then removed the implants which left very large craters in her chest. She could not live with that and scheduled for another surgery to make new breasts from her abdominal tissue. Though it was supposed to look natural, it was not that way for Connie. She was left with heavy fibrous scarring that encircled her breast like the stitching in a football. Yet again, her body rejected the stitches and healed with unsightly overgrown scars. The signs of surgery are still evident too. Thick, dark, purplish scars run across her entire abdomen from the surgery.

    Doctor Phil Haeck from Seattle states that surgeons should talk about the fact that there is a three to four percent chance that things might go wrong like in Connie’s case. People should realise that not every makeover has a happy ending. However, it is helpful to understand that death rates in plastic surgery are relatively low compared to death rates in surgery overall. This is due in large part to the fact that plastic surgery is elective and most surgeons will refuse to operate on a patient they feel is a poor (high-risk) candidate. Nevertheless, the worst-case scenario does happen.

    From tummy tucks to facelifts to breast augmentation, millions of people are undergoing cosmetic surgery to maintain their youthful appearances. Twenty eight year old Jenny had undergone twenty six surgeries when she first appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show. During the show, Jenny realized what everyone watching saw so clearly: She needed to get help for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a psychiatric problem that causes people to be preoccupied with imagined or very slight physical defects. Dr. Katharine Phillips is the world’s leading expert on body dysmorphic disorder. “BDD is a serious psychiatric illness,” Dr. Phillips says. “It’s not vanity. And it can be absolutely tormenting.” Dr. Phillips says that BDD is one of the most misunderstood psychiatric illnesses to people who do not suffer from it. A major concern of Jenny’s is her nose. Jenny already has trouble breathing through her nose because of previous surgeries. What Jenny didn’t expect was for her doctor to tell her that she would no longer be able to receive plastic surgery on her nose since there would be too great of a risk of her nose collapsing. Jenny broke down crying at the news. Now, she is trying to face the music.

    Rhytidectomy, or more commonly known as facelifts is a type of cosmetic surgery done to remove wrinkles and various other signs of aging on your face. Through this surgery, excess skin is removed, making the muscles tighten. An incision is made near the hairline and skin is pulled back. This gives an aging patient a smoother, firmer appearance than her natural beauty. This procedure can be done on either the face, neck or both. Sharon Osbourne who is no stranger to facelifts said “If anybody says their facelift doesn’t hurt, they’re lying. It was like I’d spent the night with an axe murderer.” Rhytidectomy has become the third most desired facial plastic surgery. Women should realise that aging of the face is inevitable because aging is a part of natural beauty.

    From Michael Jackson to Angelina Jolie, they both have had rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty or nose job is a type of cosmetic surgery done to improve the appearance of the nose. A typical rhinoplasty surgical procedure takes one to two hours. The skin of the nose is extracted from the bone and cartilage that supports it. The framework of the bone and cartilage is then sculpted to a shape that the patient wants. Those who endure the pains of rhinoplasty generally have a small, low-bridged nose and are displeased with it. After the surgery, they are expected to have a more prominent looking one with a higher nose bridge. Besides that, another type of cosmetic surgery is thighplasty. Thighplasty is a thigh and buttock lift. Surgeons remove excess skin from the thigh, hip and buttock. People that are relatively fit and have stubborn fat or excess skin in the buttock area are ideal to have this surgery. Tiny incisions are made along the outer thigh and groin to the buttock crease. Most patients are rather happy with the outcome of thighplasty as it not only helps to improve the body contour, but also helps them to lose weight slightly. Another alternative to thighplasty is liposuction. However, liposuction will less likely improve the look and appearance of saggy skin.

    Not all people are discontented with their natural beauty. Some, like Jenny, undergo cosmetic surgery because they face BDD whereas some want to feel more confident and better about themselves. They want to have a better life where other people would admire them for their looks instead of talking about their ugliness. Hence, this helps the psychological aspect of the patient. These results may help the person live a happier life as worries about not being accepted by the society because of appearance may be eliminated. However, for some other women, plastic surgery seems to be like just another escapade to achieve instant gratification. Women should realise that they do not need plastic surgery to validate them as beautiful women. Though the aging process gives them wrinkly and saggy skin, they should know that this is a part of life, something that God has purposed for them in the first place. If you are considering cosmetic surgery and are willing to spend money on it just because you are not happy with your body or you want to slow down the process of aging, did you ever stop to think about the millions of children out there who actually need reconstructive surgery but cannot afford it? What about those whose bodies are burnt and are scarred for life and kids who are born with cleft lips? Cosmetic surgery should not be more important than valuing natural beauty. Quit on quick fixes and embrace natural beauty and natural signs of aging instead of having a perfect body with a burnt pocket.

    Pros and cons of Makeup

    What a broad topic to write about!

    Where do I even start!

    Most people refer to me as ‘natural’ because I don’t wear make up, and normally wear my natural hair if not braids.

    Natural beauty is the beauty you are born with, received from both your parents ! Buhlebendalo. Natural beauty is something we all posses, it’s just some others chose to embrace it more than others.

    What I love the most about being natural or bare faced is that, it makes us all look different from each other. It shows that you’re comfortable in your skin, it’s important to be comfortable with who you are before you apply anything to enhance your beauty.

    It’s what makes us beautiful and unique, even twins! It’s truly beauty in its purest for. Embrace it!

    Although I appreciate my natural side, I absolutely love Makeup or cosmetic products!

    Makeup enhances beauty that is already there, it also enhances some of your features like lips and eyes. It is also seen as art , the work and skills that goes into a good face beat!! Now that is truly artistic and unbelievable.

    I love how it corrects what you can’t always correct yourself (insecurities) like blemishes, I struggle with blemishes and dark spots.. so makeup could easily cover that and gives you more confidence in the way that you look.

    However, there’s nothing wrong with dark undereyes and a couple of blemishes be comfortable enough to be the real you.

    I HATE the notion that women who don’t wear makeup are prettier than those who do. What does that even mean?! Wearing makeup is a personal choice in which you make. It helps you look fine as hell and confident, how can that be a bad thing?! SO DO YOU BELOVED . Wing that eyeliner BOO!

    Pros:

    • Makes you feel like the Bad B* you are!

    Yaas! Helps boost your self-esteem, leaving you comfortable in your skin!

    • It’s Therapeutic

    Applying makeup on yourself or others is relaxing and therapy, as you shut out everything else.

    Cons:

    • Can take forever

    To look good takes time! You need time to properly apply makeup, make sure you have enough time before your appointment.

    • IT’S EXPENSIVE

    Personally this is one of the reasons why I don’t use / buy makeup! Good quality makeup is quite pricey but you can always save.

    Remember to do what works for you! When you’re happy, you just more confident.

    Got more tips and tricks, advice, an opinion? Drop a comment.

    What Does “Clean Beauty” Mean in 2019?

    What is clean beauty? Where is the clean beauty movement headed? Here’s what you can expect for 2019.

    Clean beauty is associated with natural beauty, green beauty, and all other types of beauty that deviate from the norm.

    But at its core, what does the clean beauty movement stand for?

    Since there’s no legal or official definition, many brands have taken it upon themselves to define clean beauty according to their agendas.

    It’s time to settle this debate once and for all. So, what is clean beauty?

    What is the Clean Beauty Movement?

    To us, a clean beauty product must satisfy these two main criteria:

    1. Non-toxic ingredients

    At its core, clean beauty means that you can use a product without risking your own health. The ingredients label must contain only safe, non-toxic ingredients.

    What constitutes “safe” ingredients? At the Good Face Project, we analyze each and every cosmetic ingredient and give grades from A to F based purely on safety and toxicity.

    If a product gets an A, B, or C safety grade, we consider it clean beauty.

    Anything lower is considered toxic and not clean.

    2. Transparent labels

    When a beauty brand makes an effort to list all of their ingredients and label accordingly, they’re on the right path to clean beauty. However, not all brands are transparent.

    A good example of lack of transparency in the beauty industry is including fragrance in beauty products. Fragrance is not an ingredient, but since the industry is highly unregulated, companies can hide ingredients under the umbrella term “fragrance.”

    Another example of non-transparent labels is misleading the consumer based on packaging. Brands can falsely label their products with buzzwords like “natural” and “eco” in order to capture the conscious consumer’s attention. This is called “greenwashing” and we’ll elaborate in a moment.

    Clean beauty simple doesn’t contain mystery ingredients, and clean beauty certainly doesn’t claim to be something that it’s not.

    Clean Beauty is Simple

    Were you expecting a longer list of criteria? Perhaps you were expecting words like “natural” and “organic.”

    Clean beauty isn’t about being 100% perfect. This means that yes, man-made ingredients are clean as long as they’re safe and non-toxic. This also means that clean beauty doesn’t have to be all-natural, preservative-free, etc. Clean beauty is synonymous with non-toxic beauty.

    Rather than focus on buzzwords like “natural” and “organic,” switching to clean beauty products focuses on eliminating as many toxins as possible from our daily products.

    Clean beauty is also about making ourselves more aware. Since the beauty industry lacks regulation, it’s up to us to become familiar with the most common toxins in our skincare, beauty, body, and hygiene products.

    Unfortunately, that means the consumer (talking about you!) has a lot of responsibility to pay attention to what’s in her cosmetics.

    How to do this without going crazy? More on that in a minute.

    There are a few misconceptions about clean beauty that we need to clear up:

    Does Clean Beauty Have to Be All-Natural?

    Clean beauty has been around for a while, but the movement is rapidly growing. For a long time, products containing only natural ingredients were considered the all-stars of clean beauty. “Preservative-free” is another buzz word surrounding natural beauty.

    But, the answer to your question is no, clean beauty doesn’t have to be all-natural.

    It’s the twenty-first century, and the science of beauty has evolved to include a plethora of safe synthetics, safe man-made ingredients, and even safe preservatives.

    In fact, ALL cosmetics should contain some form of safe preservation to maintain the stability of the formulation.

    As long as certain synthetic ingredients are non-toxic and proven to have no harmful effects, they can be incorporated into clean beauty products.

    Does Clean Beauty Have to be Organic?

    Similar to natural beauty, organic beauty is often confused with clean beauty. Like organic food, there are many benefits of organic ingredients in cosmetics, but non-organic ingredients can be just as safe.

    The bottom line: No, clean beauty doesn’t HAVE to be organic.

    Yes, clean beauty CAN be organic, but it’s not a requirement. What is a requirement, however, is that those ingredients are SAFE, regardless of whether or not they’re organic.

    Does Clean Beauty Have to be Green?

    If you thought “clean beauty” had a murky definition, enter “green beauty.”

    Green beauty has several associations:

    • Plant-derived
    • Vegan
    • Cruelty-free
    • Eco-friendly
    • Sustainably sourced

    Phew, that’s a lot!

    While these criteria all sound great, a beauty product can exhibit all of these characteristics and not be clean if it contains toxic ingredients.

    Vice versa, a beauty product can have purely safe ingredients, but they may be conventionally sourced or contain animal products (i.e. honey, beeswax, silk, etc.). In this case, the product is still clean since it’s non-toxic, but it’s not considered green.

    So no, clean beauty doesn’t have to be green.

    Clean Beauty Recap: Can You Have it All?

    So, you just found out that natural, organic, green beauty products aren’t necessarily clean right off the bat.

    We know how you feel. We’ve been misled by the beauty industry, too. They have us believing that the products we smother on our faces are good for us because of what they say on the label.

    If you’re questioning the products on your shelf—good. That’s what we want you to do. We want you to question labels like “natural” and “green” because the truth is in the ingredients list.

    This doesn’t mean that ALL of your favorite products are toxic, though. You may have some clean beauty faves on your shelves without even realizing it.

    What we want to do is empower you with the knowledge to decipher between clean and toxic products.

    In order to know what to look for, you have to know what to avoid.

    The Opposite of Clean Beauty: Toxic Beauty

    There is a whole world of clean beauty products out there. From online stores like Amazon to our go-to beauty meccas like Ulta and Sephora, you can almost always find clean alternatives to your not-so-clean favorites.

    But finding clean beauty brands takes a little bit of work, especially if you’re new to non-toxic beauty.

    To start, let’s take a look at some of the red flags that give it away when a product is clearly toxic.

    What is “Greenwashing”?

    The second criteria for clean beauty is having transparent labels. This is where greenwashing causes some inconsistencies in some brands’ product labels.

    Imagine strolling down the aisle in Sephora with one goal in mind: to find the perfect, healthy moisturizer that won’t poison you. Your eyes land on a pure white jar with emerald green lettering. The words “all-natural ingredients” jump right off the packaging, and you are sold. Without checking the ingredients—because the product is clearly labeled “natural,” so why bother?—you feel confident you found exactly what you’re looking for.

    When you get home, you plug the product name into the Clean Beauty Index only to find that the so-called natural cream contains allergens, irritants, hormone disruptors, and carcinogens!

    What you’ve just experienced is greenwashing.

    Greenwashing occurs when a company uses advertising and marketing to convey the false message that their products are good for you and/or the environment. Many companies want to appeal to conscious consumers who care about their health and sustainability.

    Rather than implement practices to make healthier and environmentally friendly products, companies resort to greenwashing their products to capture consumers’ attention without delivering on their promises.

    How is greenwashing even legal?

    Companies can easily get away with using labels that mislead consumers because certain claims aren’t regulated by the FDA.

    Aside from the lack of FDA regulation, the FDA doesn’t even have standard definitions for most of the claims used on beauty products.

    This means that cosmetic companies have full creative control about what they consider to be organic, natural, etc. since the FDA doesn’t regulate or define these claims.

    Claims to be cautious of:

    • Organic
    • All-natural
    • No harmful chemicals
    • Hypoallergenic
    • Cruelty-free

    Top 10 Toxic Ingredients to Avoid At All Costs

    If you wanted to know the safety or toxicity profile of every cosmetic ingredient, it would become your full-time job. As we’ve just demonstrated, you can’t even trust product packaging to know whether a product is what it says it is. So, how do you eliminate toxins from your beauty routine?

    Start with these 10 toxic ingredients to avoid at all costs:

    1. Parabens like Propylparaben and Iosbutylparaben
    2. Fragrance
    3. Chemical UV filters Octinoxate and Oxybenzone
    4. Diethanolamine (DEA)
    5. Triclosan
    6. Phthalates like Dibutyl phthalate
    7. Sodium laureth sulfate (SLS)
    8. Formaldehyde
    9. Polyethylene (PEGs) like PEG-10 laurate
    10. Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)

    The Ultimate Cheat Sheet to Clean Beauty Products

    Clean Beauty Products: Skincare

    Clean Beauty Products: Makeup

    Clean Beauty Products: Hair Care

    Clean Beauty Products: Body Care

    Tips on Transitioning to Clean Beauty Products

    Switching to clean beauty products is easier than you think. It doesn’t have to be an overnight transition, and you might make some mistakes along the way. Don’t let perfection be the enemy of progress!

    Make 2019 the year you switch to clean beauty with these simple tips:

    1. Start with products you use on your face and head

    On a daily basis, we use A LOT of products. From our shampoo to laundry detergent, there are a lot of products we need to detox.

    To make it less overwhelming, start with the products you use on your face and head. You don’t want toxins seeping in through your facial skin and scalp, so replace your facial and hair products as soon as possible. Then, move on to body products.

    2. Find one or two clean beauty brands you love and stick with them

    In the beginning, try sticking to one brand. If you find a clean beauty product, chances are that the brand makes other clean beauty products. This is why we do full brand reviews often because clean beauty brands like From Molly With Love are a lifesaver when we’re trying to choose non-toxic cosmetics.

    3. Know your resources

    There are plenty of resources out there to help you understand cosmetic ingredients a little bit better. We’re a big fan of beauty product marketplaces like The Detox Market, Credo Beauty and Follain, who carry hundreds of clean beauty products.

    Your #1 clean beauty resource, however, is the Good Face Project. We offer free education on toxin cosmetics, free clean beauty recommendations, and our proprietary Clean Beauty Index where you can get the cold, hard facts about your favorite products.

    How to Find Clean Beauty Brands

    Finding truly clean products can be a pain because of buzzwords, greenwashing, and non-transparent product labels. That’s why the Good Face Project created the Clean Beauty Index.

    Here’s how to use the Clean Beauty Index:

    Step 1: Go to the Clean Beauty Index

    Step 2: Type in a product, such as “vitamin C serum”

    Step 3: Filter the results by safety grade, such as “A-B”

    Step 4: Read about the benefits and toxicity

    Step 5: Click on the “Shop” button to find a retailer with this product

    That’s it! Finding clean beauty brands online has never been easier.

    The Bottom Line: Clean Beauty in 2019

    There’s a lot of misinformation when it comes to cosmetic formulas. You can’t even trust what’s written on the box or bottle because of the lack of FDA regulation.

    Fortunately, you don’t have to be left in the dark about what’s hiding in your products.

    With resources like our very own Clean Beauty Index and all the free information on our Face It Magazine, you have everything you need to know about cosmetic ingredients at your fingertips.

    Key takeaways:

    • Clean beauty means that a product is safe, non-toxic, and has transparent labeling of ingredients.
    • Just because a product is organic, natural, or green, doesn’t mean it’s non-toxic.
    • The FDA doesn’t regulate or define claims often used in greenwashed products.
    • Fragrance in cosmetics is used as a loophole to hide toxic ingredients.
    • Use our Clean Beauty Index to find cosmetics that are truly clean.

    We’d love to hear from you! Drop us a line at [email protected] to let us know what you think about clean beauty or to ask us any questions.

    What is natural beauty?

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